Easter Island Rock formation. Backpacking Emigrant Wilderness page title banner. Kennedy Meadows Horsepacker.
Sunset from Grizzly Peak Lake, High Emigrant Basin.
Easter Island Rock.
Sunset over High Emigrant Wilderness.
KM Horsepacker

 

The Trails

Guide
Maps
Miles/Ele
Permits
Resupply
Forum

 

Current Weather Conditions

Weather Notes
Northern High Sierras
Central High Sierras
Southern High Sierras
 

Gear

Gear List
Gettin Started
Layering
Discussion
 
Testing yourself and your gear
 
Gear Reviews

 

top of page

Hiking
Brown Bear Pass
to
Bond Pass

Backpacking
Emigrant Wilderness

Backpacking
The Tahoe to Yosemite Trail
from
Kennedy Meadows to Tuolumne Meadows

 

Languages

Languages

 

Trail Arts

The art of walking

 

Physical Preperation

 

Trail Skills

The trail
Off the trail
Scrambling
Maps
Navigation
Camp skills
 

Food

Resupply
Food

 

Other

Photo Catagories
 
Trail Stories
 
Trail Culture
 
News and Science
 
Links
 
Groups
 
Books

 

Terms and Conditions of Use

top of page

Trail Guide
INDEX

Highway 108
to
Highway 120

North
TYT
Relief
Reservoir
to
Brown Bear
Pass


North to PCT
Tungsten Road over Big Sam

South
PCT & TYT

Jack Main Canyon
to
Wilmer
Lake Junction

7.5 Topo
Map


Brown
Bear Pass
to
Jack Main Canyon
30 min
Map


Sonora Pass
to
Bensen Lake
Kennedy
Meadows
to
Tuolumne
Meadows


MILES
AND
ELEVATIONS
TOPO MAP
INDEX

Kennedy Meadows
to
Tuolumne

Resupply

North
Kennedy
Meadows

South
Tuolumne
Meadows

National Forests

Toiyabe
&
Stanislaus

Sonora
Pass Weather

High
Sierra
Weather

all maps index

High Emigrant Basin
Emigrant Meadow, Grizzly Meadow, and Summit Meadow
Viewing
Grizzly, Tower, and Forsyth Peaks

Sierra Crestline marks East edge of Emigrant Wilderness South to Yosemite, viewed from Brown Bear Pass
Middle Emigrant Lake in Meadow, Grizzly, Forsyth, and Tower Peaks beyond.

View Southeast from Brown Bear Pass

Brown Bear Pass

9760
feet of elevation

10.92 miles
South of Kennedy Meadows Pack Station gate.

Above
Our view of Emigrant Meadow laying at our feet, looking Southeast from Brown Bear Pass.

 

Emigrant Meadow
&
Grizzly Peak
In the image above we can see Emigrant Meadow stretching out below us, with the distinctive pools making up the North Shore of Emigrant Meadow Lake visible on the far East edge of the meadow. Grizzly Peak rises on the far side of the 200 foot low granite ridge dividing Emigrant Meadow from Grizzly Meadow on the other side of the ridge. Grizzly Meadow is wrapping around the base of the Western flank of Grizzly Peak, but our view of it is obscured by that same low ridge.

 

Tower Peak
Tower Peak is jutting up in the furthest distant middle-Right. The prominent mountain closer to us and a bit to the Right of Tower Peak is Forsyth Peak at the top of Jack Main Canyon. To the Right of Forsyth Peak we can see the almost vertical Northwestern Face of the Saurian Crest.

 

Forsyth Peak & Saurian Crest
Northwestern-most Corner of Yosemite

Forsyth Peak guards the passage of both our trails into & out of Yosemite's far Northwestern corner, the Pacific Crest Trail via Dorothy Lake Pass and the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail over Bond Pass. Forsyth Peak towers above Dorothy Lake and Bond Passes at the top of Jack Main Canyon.



Next Canyon South
Tower Peak sits at the top of the next Western flank canyon to the Southeast along the Sierra Crestline, Tilden Canyon. Tilden Canyon also happens to hold Tilden Lake a short ways down its West flank below Tower Peak. We will visit Tilden Lake if we hike the TYT South out of Jack Main Canyon. From Tilden Lake we will see Tower Peak marking the line of the Sierra Crest across the top of its canyon. The route of the Southbound PCT exits Jack Main Canyon by swinging around Wilmer Lake further down the canyon. The Southbound TYT & PCT reunite after swinging around their respective lakes.

 

Walking the Line
This 30 minute trail map shows the relationship of the line of the Sierra Crest relative to our TYT & PCT routes across the High Emigrant Wilderness into the Northwestern corner of Yosemite. The line of the Sierra Crest is represented on the maps by the National Forest Boundary running South from Sonora Pass from Peak to Peak along the Sierra Crestline.
Across Emigrant Wilderness the Sierra Crest divides the Stanislaus National Forest and its Emigrant Wilderness running down the Western flank of the Sierra Nevada from the Toiyabe National Forest and its mixture of Hoover Wilderness and National Forest down the East flank. The Sierra Crestline also divides Mono County on the East flank from Tuolumne County on the West.
Our 15 minute High Emigrant Basin Map shows the boundary line in greater detail.

 

Together Again
After reuniting at the top of Jack Main Canyon the TYT & PCT briefly diverge.
The TYT route around Tilden Lake shown on the second map above is the only divergence between the routes of the Southbound TYT and PCT after they join together at the top of Jack Main Canyon. They share the remainder of their route South to Tuolumne Meadows on this most challenging route across the North Yosemite Backcountry.

 

High Emigrant Basin
Our Tahoe to Yosemite Trail route South through Brown Bear Pass crosses the length of the High Emigrant Basin (definition) from Brown Bear to Bond Pass on its way into the Northwestern corner of Yosemite. The High Emigrant Basin includes Emigrant, Grizzly, and Summit Meadows, which collectively make up a verdant green set of "ledges" running along a section of the West Flank of the Sierra just below the crestline. This series of meadows finally ends where we climb South out of Summit Meadow over Bond Pass on our way into the top of Jack Main Canyon. The TYT merges with, or splits from the PCT just a bit to the Northwest of Forsyth Peak below Dorothy Lake in the top of Jack Main Canyon, depending on our direction. The trails merge hiking South into Yosemite.

 

Duration
This page below covers our 5.99 mile hike on the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail across the length of the High Emigrant Basin from Brown Bear Pass through Bond Pass down to our junction with the PCT in the top of Jack Main Canyon.

Brown Bear Pass

10.92 miles
South of Kennedy Meadows Pack Station gate.

Southbound
Tahoe to Yosemite Trail

Three Important Local Trail Junctions
along the upcoming TYT good for local loops:

 

1.41 miles
South to
Emigrant Meadow Lake Trail Junction
(On the guide page below)

Alt Route down N Cherry Creek;
South to Emigrant Lake (?),
then...
(?)

 

2.68 miles
South to
Horse Meadow unmarked

(On the guide page below)

Alt Route down Horse Meadow:
Horse Meadow to Maxwell & Emigrant Lakes,
then?

 

2.91 miles
South to
Grizzly Peak Trail Junction

(On the guide page below)

Alternative
Routes from Grizzly Peak:

North
: Tungsten Road to Sonora Pass.
Northeast: Emigrant Pass to Leavitt Meadow.
Northwest: TYT to Kennedy Meadows.
South: TYT Bond Pass, then N on PCT?
South: Snow Lake to Bigelow Lake to
Emigrant Lake to Mosquito Pass?

(more below)

 

Important Points South
on the
Tahoe to Yosemite Trail

 

Bond Pass
5.12 miles
(On the guide page below)

 

TYT-PCT South Junction,
Top of Jack Main Canyon

5.99 miles
(On the guide page below)

 

Tilden Lake TYT Junction
12.46 miles
(On the guide page South)

 

Wilmer Lake Junction: PCT
14.21 miles
(On the guide page South)

 

Tuolumne Meadows
61.51 miles
(On the guide page South)

In the image above we see the moderate tones of a dry year dimming the usual verdant greens of early Summer. By High Emigrant Basin I mean the great mountaintop flat holding Emigrant, Grizzly and Summit Meadows as well as the lakes and mountain peaks sprinkled around this series of high elevation flats.

June 26 2013: Above
July 27 2010: Below
Late August 2012: Previous Page


Brown Bear Pass
to
Bond Pass
The Tahoe to Yosemite Trail

MAPS
15 Minute MAP
Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass
30 Minute MAP
Sonora-Brown Bear Passes to Bensen Lake

30 Minute MAP
TYT-PCT across Highway 108

MILES
Kennedy Meadows to Bond Pass
TYT
Miles and Elevations
Bond Pass to Tuolumne Meadows
PCT
Miles and Elevations

 

Route Options

This next segment of the Southbound Tahoe to Yosemite Trail has us hiking directly Southeast across a series of high elevations meadows. We cross Emigrant, Grizzly, and Summit Meadows on our way to Bond Pass. Bond Pass is our Easternmost exit from Emigrant Wilderness into the Northwest Yosemite Backcountry.

Eating Cake
We descend from our position in Brown Bear Pass to cross Emigrant Meadow, as seen in the image above. From the East side of Emigrant Meadow at Emigrant Meadow Lake climbing a moderate 200 foot ascent over the low ridge separating Emigrant from Grizzly Meadow brings us into Grizzly Meadow and the trail junctions radiating to all compass points situated under Grizzly Peak.
Hiking South on the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail from Grizzly Peak we find we've picked up the remnants of the old tire ruts, and sometimes wider track of the Tungsten Road. We hike South from Grizzly Peak ascending gently until we enter the rocky chute beginning our slightly longer descent down to Summit Meadow. Bond Pass is a short climb Southeast out of Summit Meadow. This next section between Brown Bear and Bond Passes is a piece of cake.

All Horizons
This short section of trail crosses the highest section of Emigrant Wilderness. The series of trail junctions we encounter along this segment of trail opens up lots of local hiking opportunities. Trails in every direction branch off to all compass points of the Emigrant Wilderness from the trail junctions under Grizzly Peak. We can hike North, South, East, or West from Grizzly Peak.

Trails down the Western flank into the North and East forks of Cherry Creek branch off before, at, and after we reach Grizzly Peak.

Top Trail Junction
Grizzly Peak
Trails to all Four Compass Points

This is the "roof of the world" here in this part of the world, and this hub of trails under Grizzly Peak offers us access to all compass points.

North
North we have the Tungesten Road over Big Sam leading to the PCT at the top of Kennedy Canyon. The PCT trail junction at the top of Kennedy Canyon is another four compass point trail junction located on the Sierra Crestline. Our route options to the North hiking over Big Sam are legion. See the trail diagram below.

Northwest
The route of the TYT that we hiked Southeast from Kennedy Meadows Pack Station to Grizzly Peak can also take us Northwest back to Kennedy Meadows.

East
To the East we have the trail over the low gap of Emigrant Pass down the East Flank via the headwaters of the West West Walker River, then to the West Walker River leading North to Leavitt Meadow Trailhead. Both of these scenic Sierra rivers are wedged into a tab of the Toiyabe National Forest between the Emigrant, Hoover, and Yosemite Wilderness Areas.

South
South we have the unified Tahoe to Yosemite Trail & Tungsten Road continuing South into Summit Meadow; the TYT continues into the Northwest corner of Yosemite from Summit Meadow, presumably on our way to Tuolumne Meadows. The Tungsten Road swings two trails to the Southwest out of Summit Meadow.
A branch of the Tungsten Road tracks Southwest from the North edge of Summit Meadow into the top of Horse Meadow's canyon, while another fork continues Southwest with the TYT into the middle of Summit Meadow, where a trail junction points the Tungsten Road over to one of its ends, this one at the Montezuma Mine at Snow Lake. The branch of the Tungsten Road from the North end of Summit Meadow proceeds down through Horse Meadow to terminate at the old mine located just below the bottom of Horse Meadow.

Tungsten Road Information Tungsten Road
forum

Southern Options
We have many alternative routes to our South. First, we can hike down the length of Jack Main Canyon to Hetch Hetchy once we hike into the Northwestern corner of Yosemite, if we don't want to hike all the way down to Tuolumne Meadows.
We also have the option of using Bond and Dorothy Lake Passes as a turnaround point for long backpacking loops remaining within, more or less, Emigrant Wilderness. Instead of continuing South into Yosemite we exit out of the "other" pass.
If we entered Yosemite through Bond Pass we would turn North on the PCT to exit through Dorothy Lake Pass. Visa-versa for those hiking Southbound in through Dorothy Lake Pass. They would turn North on the TYT over Bond Pass into Emigrant Wilderness.

Or we can turn Southwest from the Grizzly Peak trail junction.

Southwest
Southwest we have two options from Grizzly Peak. First, we have the unmarked trail down into the top of Horse Meadow. At the bottom of Horse Meadow we find the trail running Northwest to Maxwell, Blackbird, and Emigrant Lakes on the way over Mosquito Pass & back to the TYT above Lunch Meadow.
This option is expanded out another level by looping around Snow Lake via Summit Meadow before turning back to the Northwest to reconnect with the TYT. Note that our trails to the Southwest all pick up the length of trail tying Summit Meadow to Lunch Meadow running parallel to the line of the TYT, but just a bit lower down the Western Flank of the Sierra.

High Emigrant Basin Hiking Map

The North Fork of Cherry Creek through Emigrant Lake and the East Fork through Horse Meadow offer us access to the lower elevation trailheads down the Western Flank around the Southern perimeter of Emigrant Wilderness. Specifically, the trailheads at Cherry Lake and those at Pinecrest Lake, and higher up along the Highway 108 corridor.

Though this guide sticks to the trails along the Sierra Crest, the trails down the Forks of the Cherry Creeks are worth exploring. The Cherry Creeks run the length of this great sheet of granite draining the crestline through Emigrant Basin down the Western flank to Cherry Lake. It is this magnificent sheet of vast granite running from Emigrant Basin along the Sierra Crest all the way down to Cherry Lake that composes the majority of Emigrant Wilderness.

Hiking down either branch of Cherry Creek we will find access to the Buck Meadow Creek trail running West to Pinecrest Lake, and other more accessible trailheads along the Highway 108 corridor, than the remote trailheads we find way down the Western flank around Cherry Lake.

Since our Tahoe to Whitney maps concentrate on hiking and exploring the Sierra Crest, the National Forest Wilderness Map of Emigrant Wilderness is a good map for backpackers exploring their options for starting or ending their backpacking trips through lower elevation trailheads at Pinecrest or Cherry Lakes.

Emigrant Wilderness Area
Dept AG USFS hiking map PDF

All
Emigrant Wilderness Map Resources:
Digital & Paper
TW Trail Guide
Emigrant Wilderness Hiking Map Collection

Blow-up this Schematic Trail Map of High Emigrant Wilderness
below for a better view:

High
Emigrant Wilderness

Schematic Trail Map
Schematic backpacking map of Emigrant Wilderness.

Inside the Matrix
These upcoming trail junctions open the possibility of many high altitude backpacking loops pivoting through the High Emigrant Basin. All trips South from Kennedy Meadows Pack Station, Sonora Pass, Leavitt Lake, or Leavitt Meadow can pivot back by different routes to their start points through the Grizzly Peak trail junction(s). We also have more distant destinations.

Alternative Endings
We can point ourselves to exit through any of the other Emigrant Wilderness trailheads, or even selected Hoover Wilderness Trailheads (Twin Lakes Map), We can continue South on the PCT-TYT through North Yosemite to Tuolumne Meadows (map), or even break off the main line of the Sierra Crest for the hike down to Hetch Hetchy
(Hetch Hetchy Map).

Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass
5.12 easy miles

Getting here is the hard part

15 Minute MAP
Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass
30 Minute Map
Sonora-Brown Bear Passes to Bensen Lake

30 Minute MAP
TYT-PCT across Highway 108

Kennedy Meadows to Bond Pass
TYT
Miles and Elevations
Bond Pass to Tuolumne Meadows
PCT
Miles and Elevations

 

Hiking
Brown Bear to Bond Pass
Backpacker Resources
and Hiker Information

Trail Index

 

Video
Brown Bear Pass to Grizzly Peak

 

 

Brown Bear Pass
looking across
Emigrant Meadow

 

 

Middle Emigrant Lake
Emigrant Meadow
Trail Junction

 

 

Flower and Bug

 

 

View
Brown Bear Pass
across Emigrant Meadow Lake

 

 

Emigrant Meadow Lake Campsites

 

 

Over the small ridge between
Emigrant Meadow
and
Grizzly Meadow

 

 

Deer between Emigrant and Grizzly Meadows

 

 

Grizzly Meadow and its Lake

 

 

Chicks and Baby Chipmunks

 

 

First
Horse Meadow
Trail Junction

 

 

Video
Grizzly Peak thru Bond Pass to PCT in Jack Main Canyon

Emigrant Wilderness
&
North Yosemite Backcountry

Weather and Road
Information

Below find the closest Ground Stations, Point and Regional Forecasts in proximity to High Emigrant Wilderness.

Satellite and Radar Imagery provides Long Range and Regional overviews.

Check out the Ground Reporting Stations for real-time current snow and temp data.

Emigrant Wilderness Weather Forecast

NWS
Sonora Pass
Point Forecast

 

Regional Forecasts

NWS
Regional Forecast
East Sierra

NWS
Regional Forecast
Northwest Sierra

All
Emigrant Wilderness
&
N Yosemite

Regional Weather Information

All
High Sierra Weather Resources

All High Sierra Snow Data

Real Time
Ground Reporting Stations

Emigrant Wilderness

Deadman Creek
near Kennedy Meadows reporting station

Sonora Pass
reporting station

Leavitt Lake
reporting station

Leavitt Meadow
reporting station

Lower Relief Valley
reporting station

Horse Meadow
Reporting Station

South of our Position

Tenaya Lake

Tuolumne Meadows

Tioga Entry Station

 

Southeast

Slide Mountain

All
Ground Reporting Stations

MesoWest
N Calif Stations

Calif Snotel

Note that the ground reporting stations above are North and South of our position backpacking across the North Yosemite backcountry.

The reason is that there are no automated reporting stations in the North Yosemite Backcountry.

These reporting stations are given to ascertain snow conditions and temps at various altitudes and aspects of exposure.

Human Measured Stations

Relief Reservoir
(monthly)

Wilma Lake

Road Conditions

Caltrans Hwy 108

Big View
Radar

North
California
Radar

Big View
Space

Western US
Satellite

All
Weather
and
Fire Information

 

All
High Sierra Weather Resources

 

Comprehensive
High Sierra Fire and Smoke
Information

Tungsten Road
Trail Junction
at
Grizzly Peak with Topo MAP

 

 

View of Snow Lake

 

 

Valley: East Fork Cherry Creek

 

 

Butterfly

 

 

Second
Horse Meadow
Trail Junction
and
Summit Meadow

 

 

Old School
Snow Sensor
Summit Meadow

 

 

Butterfly

 

 

Summit Meadow Trail Junction
to
Snow and Bigelow Lakes

 

 

Bond Pass: Emigrant Wilderness Yosemite National Park Boundary

 

 

Bucks

 

 

Jack Main Canyon

 

 

Trail South to PCT

 

 

Tahoe to Yosemite
Trail Junction

with the
Pacific Crest Trail
in
Jack Main Canyon

> Forum <

By High Emigrant Basin I mean the great mountaintop flat holding High Emigrant Meadow, Grizzly Meadow, and Summit Meadow, as well as the lakes sprinkled around within the reach of this "ledge."

Forum
with a
Comments-Questions-Updating Feature

All backpackers can post text comments about the section covered by this guide page below through the comments links on this, and all the trail guide pages. Registered Members can post up text, images, maps and videos in the Trails Forum supplementing and updating this page's coverage of the High Emigrant Basin.

Check out the Tahoe to Whitney .org Backpacking Trails and Topics forums

comments forum

 

Video
Brown Bear Pass to Grizzly Peak

16:56

After laying out the routes, the maps, and the mileages a modern digital trail guide can just step back and show the video.

15 Minute MAP
Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass
30 Minute Map
Sonora-Brown Bear Passes to Bensen Lake

 

High Sierra Backpacking Videos

Tahoe to Whitney
High Sierra YouTube Backpacking Videos

This Playlist
Kennedy Meadows
to
Bond Pass
All Playlists

 

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page
Index

Riding North into Brown Bear Pass

Colin riding North up to Brown Bear Pass.

Colin, a horsepacker out of Kennedy Meadows Pack Station, riding North into Brown Bear Pass.

We can see the distinctive pools along the Northeastern-tilted shore of Emigrant Meadow Lake in the background. These pools become more distinctive as Summertime shrinks the main body of the lake further away from the pools.

Kennedy Meadows Pack Station

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page
Index

Over Brown Bear Pass

Kennedy Meadows horsepackers North over Brown Bear Pass.

Brown Bear Pass

Kennedy Meadows horsepackers North over Brown Bear Pass.

Kennedy Meadows Pack Station

View Southeast from Brown Bear Pass

Emigrant Meadow Lake Pools
Emigrant Meadow Lake.

Emigrant Meadow Lake

Northeast "shore" of Emigrant Meadow Lake is a series of deceptively beautiful pools. These beautiful blue pools also fuel the brutality of the winged menace which rises as dense clouds of mosquitoes from Emigrant Meadow's deep saturation every Spring.

Don't be deterred, be prepared.

Mosquito Tech

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page
Index

View Southeast
across the whole
High Emigrant Basin

Grizzly Peak beyond Emigrant Meadow Lake with the monster of Tower Peak in the Distance.

View Southeast from Brown Bear Pass
Tuesday July 27 2010

Grizzly Peak is centered in the middle distance beyond the ponds of Emigrant Meadow Lake. The monster of Tower Peak reaches towards the sky on the far-right distant horizon. This image well describes our upcoming hike across the High Emigrant and Grizzly Meadows just beyond. We can see all the high points along our trail Southeast across Emigrant and into Jack Main Canyon from here.

Our Line through the Terrain

Our Southeastern route along the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail draws almost a straight line from Grizzly Peak towards Tower Peak. Though our trail stops well short of Tower Peak, it is a good landmark to identify our upcoming route. Notice that there are two light-colored low rises between Grizzly Peak and Tower Peak. Examine the image carefully and you will see them. The first low rise divides Grizzly Meadow around the base of Grizzly Peak from Summit Meadow, and the second low rise is dropping down to Bond Pass separating Summit Meadow from Jack Main Canyon in Yosemite.

Note in the foreground of the image above there is a 200 foot high ridge between Emigrant Meadow Lake and Grizzly Peak that we have to cross on our way to Grizzly Meadow. Grizzly Meadow sits hidden between the base of Grizzly Peak and the ridge. Follow the Right-side of Grizzly Peak down to see a bit of Grizzly Meadow peeking from behind the intervening ridge. That green grass is the Southeastern edge of Grizzly Meadow.

At the base of Grizzly Peak we have three nearby trail junctions. On the Left side, below the North flank of Grizzly Peak the trail to the Northeast through Emigrant Pass crosses over the the East Sierra Flank and drops down to the PCT at West West Walker River Bridge, and eventually out of the mountains through Leavitt Meadow.
On the Right side, below the South flank of Grizzly Peak we have our Tahoe to Yosemite Trail turning Right at the Grizzly Peak junction, South towards Bond Pass into Yosemite, or we can turn Left, North, to hike past the nearby Emigrant Pass junction on our way North along the Tungsten Road over Big Sam to intersect with the PCT on the Sierra Crestline between Kennedy Lake and Kennedy Canyon.

The unmarked trail down to Horse Meadow sits just to the West of Grizzly Peak between the unnamed lake (in Grizzly Meadow) and Grizzly Peak. Check these route options on these Emigrant Wilderness hiking maps:

15 Minute MAP
Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass
30 Minute Map
Sonora-Brown Bear Passes to Bensen Lake

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

The Mountains at your Feet

What this hub of trails under Grizzly Peak means is that backpacking trips starting from any of the Highway 108 trailheads can pivot towards any of the other Highway 108 trailheads here. Backpacking trips starting from the East flank of the Sierra out of Leavitt Meadow or Leavitt Lake, trips starting South from Sonora Pass, or trips like ours starting out of Kennedy Meadows can each pivot here to exit at any of the other Highway 108 trailheads.

This four-compass point trail junction along the Sierra Crest opens up a series of 30 to 50 mile trailhead to trailhead trips exploring the High sections of the Emigrant Wilderness.

God I love this place. This hub of trails in Grizzly Meadow also seems to be a link between heaven & planet Earth, where physical and spiritual beauty collide. And, Emigrant Basin is literally the tip of the iceberg of mountains and lakes rising out of the surrounding beauty of the Emigrant Wilderness.

Lots to do and see here. In addition to amazing backpacking trips, if you like scrambling and making cross country routes this place will be heaven for you.

top of page
Index

Tower Peak Story

This is a story within a story. I did this trip before I took pictures. (My early photographic philosophy was, "Wanna see it? Walk it yourself." Literally. That's what I told folks about the Sierra: "go hike it."

When I took a snow trip up here during the early '90s I encountered Marines exiting the snow-covered Sierra down its Eastern flank from Wolf Creek Lake through Wolf Creek down to the Marine Base in Pickle Meadow.

I had Stinky Marine encounters on the way down. I'm always good for an "Uh-Rah" when Marines drive by. One group hit the brakes, slid their big-ass gray AMC station wagon sideways, and all popped out all at once to check me out. I had just done five days across the snow covered Winter Sierra, and they were curious as hell about where I came from, what the conditions were, what I had seen, and how it felt.

They insisted on giving me a ride out. I told them I stunk, and that they had no room. They roared! Stink? We'll show you stink, boy... they stuffed my pack into the back, then we all squished in. Then the real argument began...Our argument driving out of the mountains was about who smelled worse.

I won. Five days is five days.

Ride-Walk-Ride

Had to get out above base and walk across base. Giving backpackers rides through mountains is frowned upon by Marine Commanders, and certainly not across base. Waited a ways up Hwy 108 from the gate for Lt.

The Lt was the officer in charge driving his guys out of the mountains, and had to drive up to the training area just above the West end of Pickle Meadow along Highway 108.

Lt drove past his training area to bring me up to my car stashed at Sonora Pass on his way to giving climbing class for Marines at the training area. Sonora Pass was a long way past his destination, which gave him chance to tell me his Tower Peak Story.

He and his crew of mountain trainer sergeants climbed it. Great story. The trainers get an annual budget for outside training. I mean training outside the Marines.

They hired a guide to climb Tower Peak, and the guide baled out and left them up there when they differed about turning back or continuing. The Marines felt the guide was incompetent, that his route selection and knowledge was flawed, and that these errors had cost them the time necessary to reach the summit. The Marines wanted to go on, but the guide wanted to bail. Each did their own thing. The guide bailed out and the marines topped Tower Peak.

The problem was time. The guide bailed because they could not beat the sun off the mountain. The marines went on, topped Tower, and were forced to camp on its flank on the way down without overnight gear. That's why they were pissed at the guide.

The Marines were going to succeed, and the guide's mis-selection of approach route merely changed what it would take them to reach their goal. The Marines have an "all-in" kind of mentality, so when the mission became difficult they accepted the new terms of success, which meant suffering through a night on the mountain. The guide did not.

The Marine Lt. described how they searched out and finally found a ledge sufficient for sleep as darkness fell descending off the summit, played out their climbing ropes to make an insulated sleeping surface, then zipped up all their gear and slept nut to butt to preserve heat and not fall off the ledge.

They exited safely the next day.

The Lt. drove me up to my car at Sonora Pass as he related his trip. I hope him and all his boys are OK. Have encountered corpsmen up here too, great guys all. Well, most.

The Navy has lots of folk across a wide variety of perspectives. Ha Ha, guess that shows I'm Navy...

Experiences like this finally got me to begin carrying a camera.

Yet the best "camera" in the High Sierra is not just an almost meaningless "snapshot," but is your personal physical and psychological experience itself, and how the experience itself evolved both aspects of you.

Media is icing on the cake of life. Media can reflect aspects of, but never be, nor replace the experience of life itself.

Index

Grizzly Peak
Grizzly Peak.

Grizzly Peak

Grizzly Peak beyond the top of the low ridge dividing Emigrant Meadow in the foreground from Grizzly Meadow in the background. Grizzly Meadow wraps around around the Western base of Grizzly Peak. We are looking at the Western flank of Grizzly Peak from Brown Bear Pass.

Emigrant Meadow Lake is out of sight in the low foreground on the near side of this low ridge while Grizzly Meadow is hidden on the other side.

15 Minute MAP
Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass
30 Minute Map
Sonora-Brown Bear Passes to Bensen Lake

 

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

 

top of page
Index

Northwest View
Brown Bear Pass
with
Relief Peak dominating background

Brown Bear Pass as it looks from its South Side.

Brown Bear Pass

Brown Bear Pass's South Flank viewed looking Northwest from High Emigrant Meadow. The faint line of our trail is visible traversing across the red rock up to the high point of the seam between Granite and Volcanic terrain marking the exact spot of Brown Bear Pass.

Relief Peak dominates the background, capping the top of the volcanic ridgeline making up the North wall of the canyon leading down to Relief Reservoir, along the line of Summit Creek below the far flank of Brown Bear Pass.

Index


South Flank of Brown Bear Pass
View to the West-Southwest

Hiking South through Brown Bear Pass.

Granite Formations on Southwest Flank of Brown Bear Pass

Turning around after hiking South through Brown Bear Pass, glancing back Westward across the entrance to the pass. The trail North bends Right into Brown Bear Pass.

This is the highpoint of the granite terrain that makes up the South wall of the canyon down to Relief Reservoir. On this side of Brown Bear Pass Emigrant Meadow sits on the interface between the volcanic terrain to the North and the granite to the South.

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page

Detail of Sweet Granite Terrain on South Flank of Brown Bear Pass

Granite rock on the South side of Brown Bear Pass.
Granite rock on the South side of Brown Bear Pass.

Deer Tracks

Deer tracks spanned a good length of trail where they came across.

The narrow trail through the gap of Brown Bear Pass focuses deer traffic as well as human. Many Deer.

top of page
Index


Granite Mounds on North Flank of Brown Bear Pass
Northern Boundary of Emigrant Meadow

Meadow below South side of Brown Bear Pass.

Westernmost reach of Emigrant Meadow below South Flank of Brown Bear Pass.

15 Minute MAP
Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass
30 Minute Map
Sonora-Brown Bear Passes to Bensen Lake

top of page
Index

Mountains around Southwestern Perimeter of High Emigrant Meadow

View Southwest
Peaks South of Brown Bear Pass.

Peaks a bit further Southwest of Brown Bear Pass ringing Emigrant Meadow are shattered, while the peaks in the second image above are heavily jointed but smooth granite.

The qualities of the granite on the Southwest edge of Emigrant Meadow are much rougher than the smooth un jointed pink granite along the South Flank of Brown Bear Pass.

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page

Forsyth Peak

View Southeast
Forsyth Peak over Emigrant Meadow.

Forsyth Peak over Emigrant Meadow.

Forsyth Peak sits at the top of Jack Main Canyon in the Northeastern corner of Yosemite National Park just a bit South of Dorothy Lake Pass.

We can see the line of the Saurian Crest beyond.

top of page
Index


Grizzly and Forsyth Peaks

Grizzly Peak over Emigrant Meadow.

Grizzly Peak over Grizzly Meadow on the other side of the low ridge.

The crest of Forsyth Peak is just jutting above the ridgeline to the Right of Grizzly Peak, marking the position of Dorothy Lake along the Pacific Crest Trail just inside the Northeastern corner of the Yosemite National Park boundary.

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum


East End
of Emigrant Meadow
The Headwaters of the North Fork of Cherry Creek wrapping around Emigrant Meadow Lake

View Southeast
Hiking East across Emigrant Meadow on Tahoe to Yosemite Trail.

View East approaching North fork of Cherry Creek. Beyond N Cherry Creek is the trail junction of the trail South to Middle Emigrant, Blackbird, and Emigrant Lakes, among many others.

Beyond the location of the trail junction on the East end of Emigrant Meadow we can see the low rise between us and Grizzly Meadow. We must climb over this to access Grizzly Meadow, where we will pick up the old Tungsten Road for much of the rest of the hike to Yosemite.

But first we've got to get over this little upcoming ridge in Emigrant Meadow.

Grizzly Meadow is wrapped around the Western base of Grizzly Peak. Grizzly Peak is the near mountaintop peeking over the ridge. Note the much more distant Forsyth Peak poking over the ridgeline to the Right of Grizzly Peak.

And, there were almost no mosquitoes when this image was shot in late August. Nice.

15 Minute MAP
Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass
30 Minute Map
Sonora-Brown Bear Passes to Bensen Lake

top of page
Index

North Fork of Cherry Creek

North Cherry Creek ford in Emigrant Meadow.

North Cherry Creek ford in Emigrant Meadow.

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum


North Fork of Cherry Creek

North Cherry Creek Ford, Emigrant Meadow and Wilderness.

View upstream of a good spot to ford North Cherry Creek, Emigrant Meadow and Wilderness.

The easiest place to cross in a bit upstream from the horse ford along the trail route.

top of page
Index

Low Rise in Emigrant Meadow

Low rise in the middle of Emigrant Meadow.

Hiking South over the low rise in the middle of Emigrant Meadow. I read it as 40 feet on the topo map.


Emigrant Meadow Lake

View Southeast
Emigrant Meadow Lake, Emigrant Wilderness.

On the South side of this low rise Emigrant Meadow Lake comes back into view. Note the crest of Grizzly Peak poking over the upcoming low rise we will cross passing from Emigrant over to Grizzly Meadow.

I figure that ridge at 200 feet.

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page
Index

Eastern Edge of Emigrant Meadow

Middle Emigrant Lake trail junction.

Trail leading us South to the Emigrant Meadow Lake trail junction located off the far Northeastern corner of the lake. I get water out of North Cherry Creek if I need it here, after making the climb through Brown Bear Pass.

The pools along North Cherry Creek make retrieving water much easier than getting water out of Emigrant Meadow Lake. That's because negotiating the extensive shallow, mushy, mosquito-filled green apron around this lake only brings us to frustrating positions where the shallowness of the lake makes retrieving water challenging.

I use North Cherry Creek as my water source if I need water here.

Beyond the lake we can see Grizzly Peak peeking over the low ridge. The low ridge is composed of both glacial and volcanic debris.

It looks like a terminal moraine of an ancient glacier was forming-up along the limit line of an ancient volcanic flow over underlying granite terrain. This glacial action created this hybrid glacial-volcanic moraine-ridge we see before us today.

Backpacking Topics
GEOLOGY
Sierra Geology Links Sierra Geology Forum

Backpacking Trails
EMIGRANT BASIN
Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

High Emigrant Meadow Trail
Hiking East across Emigrant Meadow

Trail across Emigrant Meadow at tail end of Spring conditions during what should be the middle.

Trail just emerging from Spring's Quagmire on June 26 of 2013, a very dry year.

Trail across Emigrant Meadow at tail end of Spring conditions during what should be the middle of Spring.

top of page
Index

Trail dries out Later in the Season

Built up trail in wet meadows of Emigrant Basin.

Built up trail across lush wet meadow of High Emigrant Basin. Still moist and the whole basin is just full of mosquitoes on July 27 2010.

All About High Sierra Mosquitoes

All Mosquito News

Emigrant Meadow Still green approaching Fall

Trail across Emigrant Meadow drying out as season progresses.

Trail across Emigrant Meadow drying out as season progresses. The surrounding mountains are totally dried out while Emigrant Meadow is still holding water, still holding green grass, and still holding a few mosquitoes. Not many, but a few. August 23 2012.

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page

Emigrant Meadow Lake

View South
Emigrant Meadow Lake.

Hiking East around the North shore of Emigrant Meadow Lake we look South across its surface at the entrance to the canyon leading South.

The upcoming junction marks the top of the trail running down through that canyon.

top of page
Index


Emigrant Meadow Lake Trail Junction

Emigrant Meadow Lake trail junction.

Trail junction on Northeast shore of
Emigrant Meadow Lake

This is a Tee-Junction, with a trail tracking Southwest down to Emigrant Lake branching off the North-South line of our Southbound hike down the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail.
We Southbound hikers on the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail are passing straight through, across the top of the "T." If we turned Right here we would hike Southwest around the East shore of Emigrant Meadow Lake past Middle Emigrant Lake to Blackbird, and finally Emigrant Lake.

Blackbird Lake is just a bit East of Emigrant Lake, where we would find Mosquito Pass leading North. back to the TYT just a bit above Lunch Meadow, and a bit below Brown Bear Pass, which is behind us from our current position.

15 Minute MAP
Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass
30 Minute Map
Sonora-Brown Bear Passes to Bensen Lake

The large-scale map below has the best overall view of the trail running down to Emigrant Lake from our current position in Emigrant Meadow. From Emigrant Lake we could hike North over Mosquito Pass, as mentioned above.
We also have the option of turning South to Blackbird, Maxwell, and then Bigelow Lakes on our way back to the TYT in Summit Meadow on our "long" way to Bond Pass:

30 Minute MAP
TYT-PCT across Highway 108

We have a lot of route options here. Each of them reveals new and amazing aspects of the Emigrant Wilderness.

 

Viewpoints
Check out Emigrant Lake viewed hiking South down from
Mosquito Pass.

View down Canyon from Emigrant Meadow Lake to Emigrant Lake, on the page below.

Mosquito Pass junction above Lunch Meadow along the
Tahoe to Yosemite Trail.

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page
Index


Emigrant Meadow Lake Trail Junction Post

Trail junction South to Middle Emigrant Lake.

Grizzly Meadow is along our Southbound Tahoe to Yosemite Trail route to the Southeast, while the trail breaking off to the Southwest tracks around the flatness of Emigrant Meadow Lake to Middle Emigrant Lake in its breathtaking canyon, past Blackbird Lake down to Emigrant Lake.

Hiking to Blackbird Lake opens up the possibility of loops back to the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail South of here through either Horse or Summit Meadows.

Hiking South to Emigrant Lake also allows us to hike a loop back to the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail North of here.

Hiking a short distance past the trail junction at Blackbird Lake brings us to Emigrant Lake, encased in its granite vault, and the trail North over Mosquito Pass to the trail junction with the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail on the South side of Lunch Meadow.

30 Minute MAP
TYT-PCT across Highway 108

Turning Right and hiking South through this junction opens up a fine set of potential loop routes back to the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail both North and South of our present position alongside Emigrant Meadow Lake.

15 Minute MAP
Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass
30 Minute Map
Sonora-Brown Bear Passes to Bensen Lake

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page

Emigrant Meadow Lake trail junction

View of our Route from Above

Continuing Southeast through this trail junction keeps us on the Southbound Tahoe to Yosemite Trail towards Grizzly Meadow on our way to exit the backdoor of Emigrant Wilderness into the very Northwestern corner of Yosemite Wilderness through Bond Pass. Our long trip South requires we hike straight through this junction. That's too bad, as we can see from the overview below.

Below Emigrant Meadow and Middle Emigrant Lakes l viewed looking Southwest descending the Southwest flank of Big Sam:

Our Emigrant Meadow Lake trail junction is located on the edge of the grassy apron on the bottom-Left edge of the image below.
Emigrant Meadow and Middle Emigrant Lakes.

Bird's Eye View of East End of Emigrant Meadow

Middle Emigrant Lake is the second lake back. Emigrant Meadow Lake, which we were just approaching, sits in the foreground of the image. The trail Southwest to Blackbird and Emigrant Lakes is through the the throat of this magnificent granite canyon behind Middle Emigrant Lake that deepens to the Southwest, bending out of sight to our Right beyond Middle Emigrant Lake. That canyon and the granite terrain the trail down there is breathtaking.

15 Minute MAP
Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass
30 Minute Map
Sonora-Brown Bear Passes to Bensen Lake

Additionally, this terrain invites scrambling, once you've figured out the basic lay of the land and location of the trails. There are amazing thing to be found here.

Our North to South route along the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail from Brown Bear Pass to Grizzly Peak passes from Right to Left across the base of the image above, along the North Shore of Emigrant Meadow Lake, the one closest to us, in the foreground of the image. The trail junction down to Middle Emigrant Lake from the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail is located in the lower Left of the image.

That's the bird's eye view of Emigrant Meadow from Big Sam.

Go walk it yourself!

MAP

From Emigrant Lake over Mosquito Pass

If we do turn South from Emigrant Meadow Lake off the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail to hike down to Middle Emigrant, Blackbird, and Emigrant Lakes we can we swing back to Kennedy Meadows Pack Station either the short way or the long way.

We can either turn Northwest to hike over Mosquito Pass back to the TYT on the North end of Lunch Meadow, or we can turn Southeast towards Maxwell Lake, crafting a crazy big 90 mile loop, say out of Kennedy Meadows, that will turn Northward back towards KM from Summit Meadow, which is situated just a couple of miles South of Grizzly Peak. Check the maps to plan your own custom route around the high altitude areas of Emigrant Wilderness.

Continuing South along the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail

Though Grizzly Meadow is the same altitude as Emigrant Meadow Lake we have to hike over what I measure out as a 240 foot high pile of debris left by what appears to be an admixture of retreating glacier and volcanic debris, to get over to Grizzly Meadow from the trail junction at Emigrant Meadow Lake.

Straightaway after passing the Emigrant Meadow Lake trail junction we climb over this low ridge.

Climbing over this ridgelet we find some nice flowers, a battered ladybug, frogs, and a few of the deer who I figure are the ones who left the tracks we saw coming through Brown Bear Pass into the High Emigrant Basin.

At least that's what I figure.

Emigrant Meadow Flower

Yellow High Sierra flower.
Sweet shining flowers between Middle Emigrant Lake and Grizzly Meadow Sept 3 2010.

Emigrant Meadow Flower

Yellow High Sierra Flower Emigrant Meadow July , 9000 feet.

I could spend a lifetime enjoying each flower I meet on the trail.

top of page


Chasing Bugs

Little Green flying bug at 9000 feet in the High Sierra.

Little Green flying bug at 9400 feet in the High Sierra at the Emigrant Meadow Lake trail junction along the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail.

This little sucker ran me hard. The beetles do that, and I figure this dude is some kind of beetle relative.

After running me around a bit this little dude took off and flew away.

Neither his running or flying could escape my pursuit as a predator, but he sure made taking his picture hard!

Bug Forum

This entry: Questions, comments, information.

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page
Index

Looking Northwest
across
Emigrant Meadow Lake
at
Brown Bear Pass & Relief Peak

Another Perspective of Emigrant Meadow Lake
Brown Bear Pass across Emigrant Meadow Lake.

Brown Bear Pass is visible across North Shore of Emigrant Meadow Lake on the West edge of Emigrant Meadow as the abrupt interface between volcanic and granite terrain. Brown Bear Pass is exactly located by the line between volcanic and granite terrain.

As with the image below, we are viewing the Northwestern end of Emigrant Meadow across the Northwest shore of Emigrant Meadow Lake, looking at Brown Bear Pass in the middle distance, and the distinctive dual peaks of Relief Peak beyond.

Though this is a view of the route of the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail, it is not a view from the TYT. This shot above was taken while hiking South to the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail after hiking South from the PCT over Big Sam (guide) from Sonora Pass (guide) on the Tungsten Road.

30 Minute MAP
TYT-PCT across Highway 108

The Tungsten Road route coming South over Big Sam from Leavitt Lake intersects with the PCT on the Southeastern corner of the Leavitt Massif and breaks from the PCT as soon as it descends to the top of Kennedy Canyon. After crossing over Big Sam it intersects with the TYT under the North flank of Grizzly Peak.

A PCT-TYT
"Alternative Route"
In the image above we followed the PCT South from Sonora Pass to the junction situated at the top of Kennedy Canyon. From there we continued South following the Tungsten Road over Big Sam into this great high altitude Emigrant Basin rather than continuing South on the Pacific Crest Trail around the profound beauties of the High Emigrant Basin.

Definitions
Tungsten Road Emigrant Basin

 

Emigrant Wilderness Backpacking Maps
15 Minute MAP
Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass
30 Minute Map
Sonora-Brown Bear Passes to Bensen Lake

 

Additional Emigrant Basin Information
Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

 

top of page
Index

Emigrant Meadow Lake Campsites

View of Emigrant Meadow Lake full earlier in the Summer season.

View of Emigrant Meadow Lake earlier in the Summer season, full up with thaw and mosquitoes. This is substantially the same view as the image above, but instead of hiking the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail we are on the trail passing South over Big Sam from the PCT at Kennedy Canyon to Grizzly Peak. I'm hiking down to the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail at Grizzly Peak from Sonora Pass.

Our position on this trail is climbing lengthwise down the length of the ridge dividing Emigrant from Grizzly Meadows, and we've almost reached its high point.

15 Minute MAP
Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass

Check the route coming in from the North on the map above.

This route is an excellent Alternative Route into Emigrant Meadow from the North than either the PCT or TYT, if you've already become familiar with those two trails.

We can better see the best campsites around Emigrant Meadow Lake from this position. The best camps for Emigrant Meadow Lake are located on and around the elevated granite formation between us and the lake. We can also see this formation in the second image above.

The route of the TYT passes between the far side of that granite feature and the lake. The campsites on that granite formation offer tree and rock shelter from both the Sun and Wind while putting some small distance between ourselves and billions of Emigrant Meadow mosquitoes living in those green grasses wrapping around Emigrant Meadow Lake. The sites closer to the lake are more exposed to the elements and the relentless mosquitoes.

Brown Bear Pass is located out of view a small bit further to the Right, the Northwest, along the ridgeline we see ringing Emigrant Meadow in the background.

Break-Lunch-Camping

I have a favorite campsite accessible from either our route South on the TYT or from the trail South over Big Sam from the PCT.

From our position on the Tungsten Road pictured in the two images above, we will very shortly reach the high point of this low ridge, where the trail makes a loop entering Emigrant Pass.
At that point we cut off this trail on my personal shortcut almost directly South down to the first lake sitting West of Grizzly Peak in Grizzly Meadow. We'll spend a totally serene night in my favorite campsite just off the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail route just a bit North of Grizzly Peak trail junction along the TYT route.

Tomorrow, after spending a night here, we will continue hiking the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail route South through Bond Pass into Yosemite, regardless if we came to our East Grizzly Peak Lake campsite from Sonora Pass or via Kennedy Meadows.

For local loop hikers out of Kennedy Meadows Pack Station the Northbound trail over Big Sam offers a loop back to Kennedy Meadows via Kennedy Lake, or to exit from the Wilderness at Sonora Pass or through Leavitt Meadow.

15 Minute MAP
Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass
30 Minute Map
Sonora-Brown Bear Passes to Bensen Lake

Trisecting the Emigrant Wilderness
The large map of the high elevation areas of Emigrant Wilderness South of Highway 108, below, shows us the many ways we can use the main PCT-TYT routes that essentially trisect the wilderness. We have the PCT route entering the North end of the Wilderness along the Crestline, then dropping down to pass along its Eastern Flank.
We have the TYT climbing the West Flank across the North end of the Wilderness to the Crestline across South end of Emigrant.

The Tungsten Road is the link between the PCT along the Crestline in the North Emigrant and the TYT along the Southern Crestline of the Emigrant Wilderness. In other words, the only line of trail maintaining the Sierra Crest across Emigrant Wilderness uses the PCT in the North, Tungsten Road along the Central, and the TYT across the South end of the Sierra Crest across the Emigrant Wilderness.

Tungsten Road Emigrant Basin

The trails tying the Western-biased route of the TYT to the Eastern flank route of the PCT, and the Sierra Crestline route of the Tungsten Road together open up a vast variety of approaches to both entering and exploring the high altitude elements of Emigrant Wilderness with a backpack.

High Emigrant Wilderness Backpacker Schematic Map

30 Minute MAP
TYT-PCT across Highway 108

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page


Up over the berm dividing Emigrant from Grizzly Meadows

Up the Ridge

Hiking over the ridge between Emigrant Meadow and Grizzly Meadow.

Hiking over the ridge between Emigrant Meadow and Grizzly Meadow.

15 Minute MAP
Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass

top of page

Let's look back, to the Northwest, at what we just crossed as we climb this 200' berm Southbound
Emigrant Meadow and Lake sitting below Brown Bear Pass in the Wilderness.

Our elevation climbing over the ridge between Emigrant and Grizzly Meadows gives us a look Northwest across the spotty North shore of Emigrant Meadow Lake in Emigrant Meadow. The trail we hiked from Brown Bear Pass is visible along the far Right side of the picture.

The junction for the trail leading Southwest, down to Middle Emigrant Lake, sits on the Left edge of the granite formation we see on the bottom-edge of Emigrant Meadow below our position.

In the distance beyond Emigrant Meadow and its Lake we can see the stark line dividing the granite terrain wrapping around the South end of the meadow from the volcanic terrain wrapping around its North flank. The interface line between granite and volcanic material we can see through the tree branches marks the exact location of Brown Bear Pass.

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page
Index

Critters of the Climb up the little Ridge

Emigrant Meadow ladybug.

This battered little ladybug was all business. I was glad the sun was warming it. I could feel the ephemeral nature of living things as the sweet but directed nature of this bug marched it to its doom.

Though its own life is less than a season of our year*, it was marching to a very old rhythm that I had the sense to stay out of the way of.

Though I wanted to put down a finger so we could explore each other, I felt this player would perceive me as intrusive, and take a bite.

Though those big black and yellow bumble bees don't sting, the ladybugs bite! And, this looked like one cranky old ladybug.

Bug Forum

Ladybug Entry

* I figure the average lifespan of a ladybug in Emigrant Meadow
is about equal to that of a raindrop between cloud and ground.

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page

High Sierran Frog

Frog above Emigrant Meadow.

This guy was fairly trapped. Conditions were drying out, but for a feeble trickle this frog controlled. He really did not, nay could not, wander too far from the life giving water.

This guy was prepped and camouflaged for the winged threat from the air, the rapacious birds. He hopped like lightening struck, and his landing points were as easy to find as a drunk Irishman's pot of gold at the end of the rainbow.

So I just stuck around until he came out on his own. Hell, he owned this section of water. After a while frog figured out that I was not gunning for him, and came out.

Once I saw him, he could not escape meeting me. This one took a little time.

Hey Frog.

Frog Forum

comments-information-identification

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page
Index

Grizzly Peak over the Ridge

Hiking to top of ridge between Emigrant and Grizzly Meadow.

Hiking up the final bit of our trail to the top of the Northwest flank of the low ridge between Emigrant and Grizzly Meadow. It is a bit sandy, but the trail during the trip above was still well consolidated from a nice two day rainstorm that ended the day before.

This hardened up all the trail sections between Kennedy Meadows and Tuolumne Meadows that typically break down into sandy trails as Summer progresses. We can see that the trail has only taken the foot prints of two hikers since the storm smoothed out and consolidated the trail.

Sometimes the weather acts like an eraser, quickly sweeping the trail of all transitory marks. Other times the weather acts on the trail as time acts on beauty, slowly sapping all tracks of their vitality.

Our understanding of what the trail is telling us depends on our knowledge of recent temps and winds, and the accuracy of our observations of how a particular section of the trail absorbs the effects of time, winds, and frosts.

Ahead, we can see the high point between the two meadows, between Emigrant Meadow and Grizzly Meadow. But we've still got to drop down and wind around a bit before we finally drop into Grizzly Meadow.

Before we arrive at Grizzly Meadow we still have to reach the top of this low rise, and at the top we can see a bit of shade promising a break spot that will delay our descent into Grizzly Meadow a bit longer.

top of page

Grizzly Peak

The trail to Grizzly Peak from Emigrant Meadow.

Grizzly Peak again rises into view as we climb to the top of the trail over the ridge dividing Emigrant Meadow from Grizzly Meadow. Grizzly Peak appears again as we approach the crest, revealing more of itself in sharper detail as we get closer, much more than our first distant views crossing Brown Bear Pass.

Crossing over this low rise we come into an area of open meadow descending from the top of the ridge to our Right, South, down into a small alpine lake. To our Left the meadowland ascends following the crest of the ridge.
To our Right the alpine lake is the Westernmost of the two lakes sitting off the West flank of Grizzly Peak. Check out the map to orient yourself:

High Emigrant Wilderness Map

Once we reach the top of this low ridge and we begin descending to our Right, to the Southeast, we begin to get expansive vistas to the Southeast of great granite ridges descending down from this bowl, this great basin wedged along the Western flank of the High Sierra crestline across the top of the Emigrant Wilderness.

It is hard to make out in the third image below, but we are looking at three ridges laying between our position and Tower Peak, not two. These are the peaks marking out the line of the Sierra Crest lacross Emigrant Wilderness and the very Northwestern corner of Yosemite National Park.

Look Closely.

The Pacific Crest Trail goes around this section the Sierra Crestline from the top of Kennedy Canyon to Dorothy Lake Pass. The Tahoe to Yosemite Trail tracks the Sierra Crestline from Grizzly Peak to Bond Pass, but it misses the section of the Sierra Crestline North of Grizzly Peak, running from Big Sam to Kennedy Canyon to Sonora Pass.

The Pacific Crest and Tahoe to Yosemite Trails each cover, and each deflects around different parts of the Sierra Crestline on their divergent routes across Emigrant Wilderness. Hiking the Sierra Crestline across the length of Emigrant Wilderness requires using three trails.
Hiking the crestline route across the length of Emigrant Wilderness requires using the Tungsten Road to tie the PCT route along the North Emigrant Crestline to the TYT route following the Sierra Crestline out the South end of Emigrant Wilderness. The unique terrain each route covers gives each trail through Emigrant Wilderness its own specific character, but hiking each trail also omits wide swaths of the Emigrant Experience we would find on the other routes. Our hybrid route along the Sierra Crestline runs us through a bit of each trail's highpoints.

Takeaways
There are important potentials growing from the knowledge that there are three parallel N-S routes across the length of Emigrant Wilderness, being the TYT, PCT, and the hybrid Tungsten Road route, that you should be aware of. The Tungsten Road ties the high points of the TYT & PCT along the Sierra Crestline together, giving us the only route that follows the Sierra Crest across the full length of Emigrant Wilderness. That's only the beginning.

These 3 North-South routes following the line of the Sierra across Emigrant are connected by 3 East-West trail junctions located along the Sierra Crestline. These are the trail junction at the top of Kennedy Canyon (guide page), the trail junctions around the base of Grizzly Peak (below), and the TYT-PCT "reunification" junction in the top of Jack Main Canyon (guide page).
The relationships opened up between the parallel lines of the North-South running PCT, TYT, and Tungsten Road with the East-West trails linking these routes across the Sierra Crestline opens up a fantastic range of Emigrant Wilderness backpacking trips for short distance or local hikers, and a nice range of potential routes across Emigrant for the long distance backpacker.

Not Much Shade
Well, the last patches of shade we've had since enjoying the thin shade of the stand of whitebarks at the 9000 foot marker in Upper Lunch Meadow was the even thinner stand of whitebarks below the Northwest flank of Brown Bear Pass, I'm going to enjoy the shade of those upcoming trees.

top of page
Index

Cathy and Dale

Cathy and Dale backpacking and fishing the Emigrant Wilderness.

Great Minds Think Alike

Hiking up the the trees pictured above I came to a couple of real nice folks taking a break from the searing sun.

I thought it was a great break spot, so I asked if I could join them. This is Cathy and Dale from Point Reyes Station. Real nice folks.

They were out for an extended hike around the High Emigrant Wilderness.

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

Cathy and Dale
Digging
the
High Emigrant Basin

Cathy and Dale from Point Reyes in Emigrant Wilderness.

8 days of lots of fishing and no mosquitoes.

I was a bit worried about the rainstorm providing the fuel for a little resurgence of the mosquito population, but I was hiking quickly South of the zone the heart of the storm drenched, so I would soon be out of the "danger zone."

Feed nature some water and heat, and it will brew up different things in different places.

In the great grassy meadows of the Sierra it will brew up some mosquitoes.

top of page
Index

View Southeast
From the top of the Low Ridge between Emigrant Meadow and Grizzly Meadow

Tower Peak rises in distance looking across Southeast edge of High Emigrant Wilderness.

Tower Peak
Meadow, Granite, and Mountains

This image is looking across the Sierra Crestline at the intersection of the Toiyabe National Forest, the Emigrant Wilderness, and the far Northwestern corner of Yosemite National Park.

Tower Peak centers this view across the Southeastern corner of High Emigrant Wilderness. The boundary line marking the border running down the West Flank of the Sierra between the Emigrant and Yosemite Wilderness area runs Left and Right (Northeast and Southwest) along the crest of the white granite ridge above. Crossing the low point the Right side of that ridge is descending towards brings us through Bond Pass into South Yosemite from Emigrant Wilderness.

The East-West boundary along the Sierra Crestline between Yosemite on the West flank and the Hoover Wilderness/Toiyabe National Forest on the East flank runs an imaginary line through the top of white granite peak on the far Left of the image above, running Southeast through Tower Peak.

Everything on this side of the white granite peak and ridge is in the Emigrant Wilderness. Everything on the far-Right side of the White Peak is in Yosemite, while everything on the far Left side of the line running from the white peak to Tower Peak is in the Toiyabe's Forests or its Hoover Wilderness.

The Hoover Wilderness of the Toiyabe National Forest lays on the distant East (Left) flank beyond Tower Peak, while terrain on the near East flank of the crestline lays within the Toiyabe National Forest.

Nearby
The volcanic hulk of Grizzly Peak is just out of our view off the Left side of the image above. The little Westernmost lake, the "horned" lake in proximity to Grizzly Meadow is out of view below us to our Right. Our line hiking South along the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail first brings us down to this second, "horned" lake West of Grizzly Peak, the Westernmost lake, then off to the Left to the first little lake just a bit to the West of Grizzly Peak, just before we arrive at the trail junction located at the base of the West flank of Grizzly Peak.

In other words, we have two lakes with suitable campsites on the East side of the low ridge dividing Emigrant from Grizzly Meadows, before we reach the Grizzly Peak trail junctions.

Check out the map.

The view along this same line of observation, but looking Southeast from Brown Bear Pass, gives a better look at the Saurian Crest wedged in there. Can you see it up in there?

Tower Peak

Tahoe to Yosemite Trail hikers first see Tower Peak crossing South over Brown Bear Pass.

Southbound PCT hikers will get glimpses of various aspects of Tower Peak from Sonora Peak until they drop into Jack Main Canyon. After that the next major peak that we will actually rotate around will be Volunteer and "Double" Peaks.

TYT hikers will get another, one last close look at Tower Peak as we hike around Tilden Lake. That's because Tower Peak is the mountain capping the top of Tilden Lake's canyon.

PCT hikers will not see the rotating view of Tower Peak as we on the TYT will as we circle the Southwest shore of Tilden Lake.

Instead, the PCT hiker's route takes them around Wilmer Lake, nestled under the granite arms of Bailey Ridge's Western flank. We TYT hikers will miss Wilmer Lake by hiking the TYT route, by crossing over Bailey Ridge higher up Jack Main Canyon. PCT hikers will miss Tilden Lake walking around Wilmer Lake because they cross Bailey Ridge further down Jack Main Canyon.

The maps linked to below well define our route options between the TYT and PCT in relation to Tower Peak.

Jack Main Canyon 7.5 Hiking Map

Jack Main Canyon 30 Hiking Map

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

 

top of page
Index

Buck Grazing Meadow on the Top of the Rise Between Emigrant and Grizzly Meadows

I spot deer grazing above Grizzly Peak Meadow. Deer Grazing around Grizzly Peak Meadow.
Spot a Buck. Creep in slow and quiet.
Deer spots me hiking across Emigrant Basin.

Quietly set up the camera, make a few gentle clicks to get his attention so he would not freak out and run off, and take his portrait. Call it

Young Buck

I continued South and Young Buck continued to graze. All was well on Sept 3, 2010.

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page
Index

The Westernmost Lake between Emigrant Meadow Lake and Grizzly Meadow
View of this "horned" lake from the Rock formations from above

"Horned" Lake
Trail over berm between Emigrant Meadow to Grizzly Meadow.

Looking South down the South end of the low ridge dividing Emigrant Meadow from Grizzly Meadow. This image was shot from off the trail, in the late 1990s while scrambling granite formations.

Running around the inviting granite terrain of the High Emigrant Basin is a lot of fun.

It's just too good to resist running right off the trail!

We have scrambled up to the top of the nifty granite formations North of the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail route to get a better look at the surrounding terrain early during the Spring of 1998. Note the distinctive "horns" decorating the West Grizzly Peak Lake on Right side of image to locate this position on the MAP.

The shot below was also taken while scrambling around off the trail, but standing in the dried out horn of the lake pictured above. Below we are standing where the North side of the Lake, the feature that looks like the Lake's "horns," which is normally full of water, had dried out by the date I hiked through on Friday August 28, 2012.

A dry year.

I miss the beauty of the water, but not the mosquitoes...

Drought Conditions in the Sierra
The North end of the second lake to the West of Grizzly Peak dries out during late Summer and Fall.

This is the Westernmost lake between Emigrant Meadow and Grizzly Meadow. I refer to this lake as the Western Grizzly Peak Lake, or the horned lake. A short distance East of here (South on the trail) we find the little lake sitting under the West flank of Grizzly Peak in Grizzly Meadow.

Below, we found this interesting "pastry roll rock" which looks like layers of different dough rolled up and sliced.

Pastry roll rock while backpacking Emigrant Wilderness.

Serving up hot slices of rolled pastry rock.

Who's your favorite baker now?

Mother Nature, of course.

Below the West Grizzly Lake is viewed on Tuesday the 28th of July from ground level hiking by on the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail.

Note the rock formations beyond the lake. We will pass through a really neat channel in this little rock ridge on our way over to the East Grizzly Peak Lake.

The rock channel is leading to the next lake, the lake under Grizzly Peak is located to our Left, out of the frame of the image below.

15 Minute MAP
Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass
30 Minute Map
Sonora-Brown Bear Passes to Bensen Lake

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page
Index

Lake to the West of Grizzly Peak and the lake at its foot.

Above: The West Grizzly Peak Lake is located just to the West of Grizzly Meadow and East of Emigrant Meadow on the TYT.

How it looked during July of 2010.

It's got water!

Emigrant Wilderness topo hiking backpacking map.

Above: USGS topo hiking map of Emigrant and Grizzly Meadows with their respective lakes strung out along our Tahoe to Yosemite Trail route.

Above we can see that the lake with the "horn" is the second lake West of Grizzly Peak, located on the ridge, while the lake under the "Grizzly Meadow" label on the map is the first lake to the West of Grizzly Peak. The scattering of little ponds (below) to the West and NW of the Grizzly Peak trail junction indicate the perpetual marshiness of those areas.

15 Minute MAP
Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass
30 Minute Map
Sonora-Brown Bear Passes to Bensen Lake

top of page

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

Below: East Grizzly Peak Lake in Grizzly Meadow.

Grizzly Lake sunset.

Above: Lake at the Western foot of Grizzly Peak in Grizzly Meadow. The sky feels like we are looking up from the bottom of the sea through ocean waves. Ocean waves of fluorescent pink.

We are, depending on how we see ourselves.

Below: Fall at the E Grizzly Meadow lake in Grizzly Meadow.

Grizzly Peak Lake, or the lake next to Grizzly Peak.

Above: Nice and Dry, late in the year 2000.

The East lake in Grizzly Meadow wearing Fall colors.

North and South on the trail and this trail guide.

Sunset from E Grizzly Peak Lake

Grizzly Meadow Sunset.

Grizzly Meadow Sunset.

When the sky began to burn I was first happy I was present, then glad I brought a camera.

This image was captured on film in 2000.

I digitized and printed it. The colors are as captured by the camera, not created by software, and they are very close to what I saw.

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page

Lake West of Grizzly Peak

Grizzly Peak or Grizzly Meadow Lake.

View looking South across Grizzly Meadow Lake and the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail. The TYT passes Right to Left in the Southbound direction between our position and the lake, but closer to the lake.

My custom little campsite sits under the stand of whitebark pines on the elevated shoulder of the low rise in the middle far-Left of the image. July 30 2009. We see this position more clearly from a position up the draw behind us.

The trees act as a windbreak and late afternoon sunscreen. A nice rock and downed tree offer backrest, and a soft flat provides a place to sleep.

The most entertaining residents live in these trees during very early Spring, when the local inhabitants of Grizzly Meadow use this stand of trees as a nursery for baby chicks and chipmunks. More on that below.

Hawks cavort above, chipmunks run around below, insects pursue their ceaseless toil while the frogs jump, and we take a moment to lean against our rock under our tree to take it all in.

Nice.

15 Minute MAP
Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass
30 Minute Map
Sonora-Brown Bear Passes to Bensen Lake

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page
Index

What happens when you stop to film in Grizzly Meadow when it's FULL of Mosquitoes

Grizzly Peak-Meadow Lake at the foot of Grizzly Peak in Grizzly Meadow

Scrambling around the Emigrant Basin offers excellent views and exciting hikes.

Finally, a reasonable view of Grizzly Meadow!

Grizzly Peak rises out of frame to the Left. The trail junctions pictured below sit in rapid sequence between the sheet of flat granite on the Northeast, or upper left side of the lake, and the base of Grizzly Peak.

It appears that the Grizzly Meadow Lake, in the lower Right foreground, almost merges into the green apron of grasses bounding it's North Shore. Look carefully at the green apron along the lake's North shore. Note the subtle distinction between the dark blue of East Grizzly Peak Lake and the dark green of the grass apron along the North side of the Lake.

When our eyes adjust we clearly see the straight line of the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail across Grizzly Meadow pointing the way to the trail junction sitting under the hulking mass of Grizzly Peak.

The snow patch on the lower right side of the image connects to the snow patch in the picture above to give us an approximate idea of the proximity of the E and W Grizzly Lakes.

They are right next to each other separated by a low rise.

This old picture was shot during the late Spring of 1998.

15 Minute MAP
Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass
30 Minute Map
Sonora-Brown Bear Passes to Bensen Lake

top of page

Scrambling and Camping in the High Emigrant Basin

Great! Except the enduring mosquitoes. Notice that this basin is wet, and it is wet deep into the Summer hiking season.

Grizzly Meadow, Lake, and Rock.

Grizzly Meadow in foreground, East Grizzly Lake in middle, and Rock in background.

There are miles and miles of granite like the above here for our scrambling pleasure.

Kicking it in Grizzly Meadow

Full mosquito protection in Grizzly Meadow.

Full mosquito protection with the mosquitoes all up in it, Grizzly Meadow.

I am wearing my service-issued Navy Pea coat.

That was my "mountain jacket" for a number of years.

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page
Index

Two reasons why I deal with the mosquitoes in Grizzly Meadow

Whitebard in Grizzly Meadow is home.

Whitebark in Grizzly Meadow is home to bunches of baby birds, squirrels and chipmunks every Spring.

At the very center of this picture there are two eyes looking back at you.

See this image enlarged below Right.

Below Left is the baby birds.

Grizzly Meadow Springtime Campmates

Baby Birds and Chipmunks

Look carefully at each of the images below. Each contains baby chicks or baby chipmunks.

A Closer look reveals my campmates. Tiny little baby chipmunk in Grizzly Meadow.
A Closer look reveals my campmates, tiny chicks.

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum
The gang of baby chipmunks and baby birds got along like one big happy family in their protective Whitebark Pine Home.

Grizzly Meadow

The mosquitoes in Grizzly Meadow are deadly from early Spring when the melting snows first reveal soil through the beginning of Summer into Fall. They will eat you alive if you are not properly protected.

The cuteness of the baby birds and chipmunks born into Grizzly Meadow every Spring is to die for. They are so cute and so friendly. Exactly the opposite of the mosquitoes at exactly the same time.

Springtime brings an explosion of life to Grizzly Meadow. Birds, bugs, all the small mammals, as well as the mosquitoes are all participating in a mutual feeding and f^^king frenzy.

High Emigrant Meadow is a powerful Engine of Life

Once the little critters see you are not trying to eat them they chill out instantly. I don't and won't feed them, despite their friendly cuteness.

I don't want to distract them from the other more important elements of their environment, some of which feed them, and others trying to feed upon them. They must learn and know both quickly. The food thing's not so hard during early Spring.

The not being food thing is not so clear. They really have no clue. They will.

Paying attention to me may distract them from observing the hawks, coyotes and many other creatures hunting them. I have found that they learn about danger by seeing their siblings picked off. If they don't see their brother picked-off, they will not know the danger.

Once they see death strike out at them, they become cautious. Before that point they are completely adorable. I'm not a fan of "cuteness," but this is the real deal.

My choice of their home tree as campsite gives them a degree of protection against attack from land and air, which improves their chance of survival. at least while I'm there. Coyote and hawk skirt my presence.

Despite my little bit of help, they gotta cut it on their own. Many do.

Follow Ups

My Very Early Spring trips are inevitably followed by Spring trips. Amazing changes in the resident's numbers and behavior occurs in a very brief time span. Rather than 5 trusting, happy little creatures, there are now only 2 baby chipmunks living in the tree. The remaining kids are sharp, observant, and suspicious.

I can't say about the baby chicks, as they've flown the coop, so to speak. Well, they've changed how they use the tree. After the chicks take off I can't determine which baby birds flying around the campsite tree grew up here. On the other hand, the young chipmunks appear to use the cover of their home tree longer than baby chicks before they disperse into the greater meadow.

Hiking through a month later into Summer shows that nobody is living at the tree. All the baby chipmunks and chicks are long gone.

The unbounded joy of brand-new baby chipmunks is also gone, along with three of their company, but I rest assured this joy was replaced by an awareness of their situational threats.

Anyone who watches squirrels and chipmunks knows that their joy is not gone, but sits in a place they can instantly deploy it, once they believe no danger is present.

top of page

Death from the Sky
&
Sky Dances of Winged Poetic Beauty
Hawk patrolling Grizzly Meadow.

Sitting in my campsite (above) puts me on an elevated shoulder above the level of Grizzly Meadow. On the morning of July 12 of 2016 I was sitting in my campsite on this shoulder, on the Eastern side of the narrow gap between the height of a small stand of whitebark pines in front of me and the rising stack of granite formations behind, which I was leaning against the base of, when the hawk pictured above flew through the gap between tree and rock at a high rate of speed. Just above my eye level at about 12 feet of elevation through the gap, maybe 25 over the level of the surrounding meadow.

Hawk was making a run that begun when Hawk came over the top of the higher granite formation surrounding the meadow and its little lake, then accelerated its descent into and across this particular Western annex of Grizzly Meadow right across my position between rock and tree on this elevated shoulder, maybe 20 feet from my position, if that.

These moves approaching the meadow by stealth before engaging in a high-speed hunting run across the meadow were to maximize the element of surprise for Hawk's run across this particular Western-most branch of Grizzly Meadow. Subsequent (and previous) observations indicated Hawk has "strafing lines" across all these high elevation meadows. Hawk is the master of the sky of all these meadows.

We were both shocked each to see the other on this high speed flyby, and my presence disturbed Hawk's lightening food patrol across this portion of Grizzly Meadow. Which was fascinating. Hawk had to describe a couple of big circles in the winds high above to make second and third runs across my meadow before being satisfied about both me, and the food status of the meadow. Hawk came right back to check me out. I have observed generations of Hawk here.

A Nice Scramble
I was once on a scramble to the Southwest down the ridge dividing Emigrant Lake from Horse Meadow's Canyon. Our campsite location in this Western annex of Grizzly Meadow offers us easy access to the Southwest along this amazing granite ridgeline. There are a couple of points along the top of the ridge offering spectacular overviews of the maze of granite canyons and ridges running down the West Flank of the Sierra from this section of the Sierra Crestline. I was building up scouting information for a cross-country hike down to Pinecrest Lake from Grizzly Peak, which I eventually hiked.

I was sitting at one of these overlooks approaching Sunset when I spied a hawk coming up out of the Southwest, up the Horse Meadow Canyon towards my position, which I began observing. Behind be, I noted another hawk flying towards my position out of the North-Northeast. I was about to be offered a delightful look into the personal life of this particular hawk couple of the High Emigrant Wilderness.

The Art of Love
By Sun Claustawingz
They met as if girding for battle. The male hawk, though bigger, stronger, and faster, was at a disadvantage from his position climbing out of the depths of the Horse Meadow Canyon. The female was at the top, riding the last updrafts of the day rising off the meadows of the High Emigrant Basin, waiting for him to move into a vulnerable position at the edge of the updrafts she was riding. There she would make her stand. This advantage only lasted a short while, as the female delivered some punishing strafing runs onto the struggling male, until the male gained equal air. Then the real show began.

The male would use amazing displays of strength and power to force a "flyby," where he would aim to use his superior skills in open air to "herd" her, and then pick her off. But at the last second during her high-speed evasions she would deploy full "air brakes," tuck under his final attack, and peck him on his way by. Amazing. She would pull every move that gave advantage to a lighter, quicker stopping and turning body against a larger body that could not stop or turn as quickly as she.
At that time I was becoming fully aware that this was no battle, but one hell of a way for a married couple to greet each other after a day hunting separately. They were each "making their moves," but each was pulling back from the moment of truth, and gently bumping the other, rather than tearing out a chunk with beak or a slashing impalement by talon. These were the Air Kisses of the Hawk Clan.

Their aggressive greeting transformed into team flying of the highest caliber. Their aggression turned into a ballet of mutual moves that only the other would understand and respond to, each as individuals in unison. After about 15 minutes of meeting, greeting, and flying dynamically around the very top of the Western Flank of the Sierra, they took a last leisurely circle of the crest, then flew a line together down towards Blackbird Lake as the reds of twilight deepened.


High Sierra Centipede

Centipede at Grizzly Lake, Emigrant Wilderness, insect, Stanislaus National Forest

Centipede at Grizzly Lake, Emigrant Wilderness, insect, Stanislaus National Forest.

Living Things: High Sierra Insect Forum

This millipede

I actually got up to let her pass on by. This is a product of my "Living Things Policy."

Living Things Policy

My "Living Things Policy" is that I will not cause living things to use more energy than they would have used, had I not been there. Well, at least I try.

The logic behind this policy is that living things spend most of their time looking for food. Living things are often hungry, calorie short, even starving at times. Therefore I try to avoid causing them to use extra energy.

There are both practical and pragmatic exceptions to this rule.

Practical Exceptions

One practical consideration is trail time. Living things blocking our access to trails, water and campsites are generally given a long time before moving them along. But I have "bombed" those huge elk that live up at Lost Coast. I swear they've blocked the narrowest segments of trail during fierce costal rainstorms, and I've rocked them off the trail. After sitting in the horizontal driving rain for a half-hour!

I have no problem passing around them in the narrow valley-meadows, where we typically encounter them in mass. But, I move them off the trail when they are all huddled-up along a narrow section of trail above a steep gorge. After waiting a long time.

 

At the Silver King Creek I watched a bathing-fishing-fucking-around bear for a long time before making me known. Bear said "screw you." I had to make a banshee yell to get the sucker moving!

Our job is to understand the situation and act accordingly.

In other situations I try to "calm" my way into or through a situation, as lots of critters are skittish, and are prone to bolt at maximum speed if startled. If you give them a "heads up" they are less likely to freak out at your arrival.

I speak mainly to solo hikers. Groups make enough noise to warn everything of their approach. Solo hikers can move quietly and swiftly through the terrain.

Calming Animals

"Clicking"

Lots of animals click, or cluck, or chirp, making abrupt sounds of various intensities. Other animals understand these sounds. Squirrels, chipmunks, and birds click a lot, and other animals listen.

Making animals aware of our presence in a non-threatening way diminishes the chance they will run headlong through a thicket in a desperate attempt to get away from us.

But they might, depending on their previous experiences. On the other hand I don't give away my position until I've made all necessary observations, which means I've seen them first. Observing is the key.

Then we can make the proper clicking sounds to let them know we are present. Interestingly enough, clicking may pause an already fleeing animal, to further study us.

The point is that I don't like to startle animals along the trail. For example, when we see a line up of birds in a tree or feeding sequentially along a length of trailside exposed grass, we can change the nature of our encounter with them by announcing the nature of our approach with a few well selected clicks.

I am constantly amazed at how interactive living things are. Though words are beyond the reach of most, they clearly understand tones and intensities. Though the complexity of the "packaging" of language is beyond them, many understand the motivational and emotional "content" of our language packages.

Thus I click and sweet talk all the living things. Unless we need to drive them off (bear). Then we explore some harsher tones.

Practical Exception

I chase bugs. I figure that most bugs are moving all the time, making me lucky to find one at rest, excepting when they sleep. Really lucky. The bugs run me ragged! The Bug Kingdom should institute an "Al Policy," where they all agree to stop their relentless motion for just a second to let Al take their picture.

Hey, I have fallen down on the trail to avoid stepping on a damn bug!

Pragmatic Exceptions

The Golden Exception

If it wants to bite or steal food

The mosquito and golden biting horsefly exception. They die. This exception to the Living Things Policy sits upon the Golden Exception. I've actually had long running battles down the trail with very very persistent Golden Biting Flies.

They are shooting to bite me below my armpit and back, where I have the least defense, while I am trying to kill them. Mosquitoes die by the dozen.

The Golden Exception relieves us from the general strictures of the Living Things Policy.

I can run it hard If it bites us (actually bites us, or tries to bite us) or steals our food. Thus I run bears hard, attempting to train the ones who seek out humans away from human contact. Bad Bear! Well, Bad Bears are mostly a product of Stupid Human Behaviors...

 

The goal of the Living Things Policy is to move down the trail making the least disturbance to the web of life around us. The basic assumption this policy rests upon is that we are engaged with the terrain enough to observe what's happening within the terrain, and control our affect upon it.

This may sound easy, but the requirements of navigating complex trail surfaces while performing the physical work of hiking the trail can shift our focus of attention while hiking from external observations to simply maintaining pace.

The trail can be a Brutal Mistress.

Life can brutally simplify into just keeping the machine running, struggling down the trail.

Thus the importance of our legs, lungs, heart along with the basic physical structure providing sufficient platform to support our external observations.

I can study my soul and (and my feet) anywhere, but only study the heart of nature when I'm in it. Each observation of the upcoming trail surface must set our observational skills free for the distance the trail complexity allows, before drawing our attention back down.

Life can be as beautiful as dancing down complex trails at top speed observing the surrounding complex webs of life as we fly by. Or as brutal as a crucible of foot, knee, hip, and shoulder pains organizing our overall exhaustion into distinct categories of torture.

Both of these conditions will characterize a section of our long trail. Given enough trail time we will hike through both, to finally find that our true destination is to both reflect upon and meet the ever changing personal and physical challenges our journey through nature throws at us, but most importantly is for us to throw back at nature our conscious reflection of its power and beauty.

Do that, and see what IT does.

We humans are the reflecting part, the point, of a vast thing, like the point of the great living spear of life.

You Can't Hide in the Shadow of your own Ignorance

I would say we are and have, but alas, we are not and have not done our job, lived up to our potential, and have not assumed our position as the point of the great spear of life flying through time and space.

We have taken another role.

16 Things at Once

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page
Index

Living Things: High Sierra Insect Forum

This millipede

Marshy Area in Grizzly Meadow

Marshy area East of Grizzly Meadow and lake.

Marshy area East of Grizzly Meadow lake, looking South at where the trail junction to down to Horse Meadow is situated.

The unmarked trail down to Horse Meadow breaks off from the TYT route around the far side of the rising knoll.

In the video below the marshy area is dried out, cut by the trickling flow of the small creek draining Grizzly Meadow into the lake.

During Spring the lake overflows into the surrounding meadow fed by drainage from the upper section of Grizzly Meadow.

The meadow drains down to the lake through the terrain during early Spring, meaning that this area gets really soggy during early Spring.

MAP

High Sierran Frog near Grizzly Lake in Grizzly Meadow

Sierra Tree Frog in Grizzly Meadow around Grizzly Lake, Emigrant Wilderness, Tahoe to Yosemite Trail.

Sierra Tree Frog in Grizzly Meadow around Grizzly Lake, Emigrant Wilderness, Tahoe to Yosemite Trail.

Forum: High Sierra Frogs

Video

Horse Meadow Trail between Grizzly Peak Lake and the Emigrant Pass-Bond Pass Trail Junction

CCC trail crew moving through the unmarked trail down to Horse Meadow a few yards North of the TYT route reaching the Tungsten Road running through the Grizzly Peak trail junction.

Trail Culture Trail Crew Forums

The CCC crew was moving to Horse Meadow to set up their camp down there, to move their trail operations to a new area.

15 Minute MAP
Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass
30 Minute Map
Sonora-Brown Bear Passes to Bensen Lake

View hiking into the South end of Horse Meadow, looking up towards our position.

1:20

High Sierra Backpacking Videos

Tahoe to Whitney
High Sierra YouTube Backpacking Videos

This Playlist
Kennedy Meadows
to
Bond Pass
All Playlists

 

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page
Index

Video

Grizzly Peak to Bond Pass
Tahoe to Yosemite Trail
hiking to the
Pacific Crest Trail
in
Jack Main Canyon

21:09

Hiker's Forums
Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass

High Sierra Backpacking Videos

Tahoe to Whitney
High Sierra YouTube Backpacking Videos

This Playlist
Kennedy Meadows
to
Bond Pass
All Playlists

top of page
Index

7-2010 #7097 &7098

top of page

 

Hub of Trails
in
Emigrant Basin
at the
Base of Grizzly Peak

Scrolling Up on this Page:
Northwest
TYT

towards
Kennedy Meadows Pack Station through Brown Bear Pass via Northbound TYT

North Trail Guide
to the PCT:
TUNGSTEN ROAD
Trail Guide
Grizzly Meadow to Kennedy Canyon
Northeast Trail Guide
to the PCT:
EAST FLANK
Trail Guide
West Walker River Bridge

Scrolling Down on this Page:
South
TYT
over
Bond Pass on the Southbound TYT
into
Yosemite merging with the PCT at the top of Jack Main Canon

The map below ties all these routes together.

30 Minute MAP
TYT-PCT across Highway 108

Click the Labels and Red Dots
Emigrant Wilderness topo hiking backpacking map.

Trails from Grizzly Meadow radiate out in all directions.

Maps above:
USGS Emigrant Lake and Tower Peak 7.5 minute topo hiking maps.
40 foot contours

15 Minute MAP
Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass
30 Minute Map
Sonora-Brown Bear Passes to Bensen Lake

 

30 Minute MAP
TYT-PCT across Highway 108

Download these maps for free from the
USGS

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page
Index

 

Compass and map directions are the best.

Down this Page
Tahoe to Yosemite Trail South to Bond Pass

Along with the Tungsten Road reaching down to Summit Meadow

Grizzly Peak Trail Junction
TYT

 

Trail Junctions
under
Grizzly Peak

Northeast
to
PCT
South
TYT
Northwest
TYT
 

 

Grizzly Peak
in
Grizzly Meadow

This is the central trail junction in Emigrant Basin (definition) for all hikers into the Emigrant Wilderness from trailheads around the compass.

 

Trail Options
North

NE
The trail Northeast through Emigrant Pass brings us down to the PCT at the West West Walker River Bridge on the way down & out to the Leavitt Meadow Trailhead.

Leavitt Meadow is a trailhead sitting at the base of the Eastern Sierra along Highway 108.



N & S
We can also hike the PCT North or South from the West West Walker Bridge, rather than out through Leavitt Meadow Trailhead.
From the West West Walker Bridge we can follow the PCT route South into Yosemite through Dorothy Lake Pass, or North towards Sonora Pass on Highway 108.

 

N
The Tungsten Road (definition) continues North from Grizzly Peak past Emigrant Pass to climb over Big Sam, where it connects with the PCT at a low point on the Sierra Crestline dividing Kennedy Canyon from Kennedy Lake, which I refer to as the, "Kennedy Canyon trail junction."

The Kennedy Canyon trail junction is 6.17 miles (guide) North of Grizzly Peak along the Tungsten Road.

The Kennedy Canyon trail junction is 4.66 miles North of the West West Walker Bridge along the PCT.

From that Kennedy Canyon trail junction (guide) we can hike the PCT 7.97 miles North (miles) over Leavitt Peak to Sonora Pass. Or South (East by the Compass) down Kennedy Canyon towards The West West Walker Bridge & Leavitt Meadow. Or we can continue South into Yosemite along the PCT. We have many, many hiking options from Grizzly Peak.



N, then W
A faint trail West from the PCT trail junction atop of Kennedy Canyon leads West past Kennedy Lake to the TYT just South of Kennedy Meadows Pack Station.

 

NW
We can turn around to hike back to our Northwest, back the way we approached Grizzly Peak on the TYT from Kennedy Meadows described on the trail guide pages above.

 

TYT
SOUTH
Hiking South from Grizzly Peak to Bond Pass brings us into the North Yosemite Backcountry. We have three trail options to the Southwest along our TYT-Tungsten Road route between Grizzly Peak and Bond Pass.

 

SW
The first two are our trails into the top of the canyon holding Horse Meadow. The third is the trail to Snow Lake from Summit Meadow.

Local Routes
From Snow Lake I like to hike South, following the unmaintained route through The Saddle under the Horn down (map)-(image) to Bigelow and Twin Lakes. Below Twin Lakes I typically turn North to hike across the bottom of Horse Meadow to Maxwell Lake, and back to the TYT via Mosquito Pass.



Going Long
Those of us continuing South on the TYT from Summit Meadow climb through Bond Pass into the top of Jack Main Canyon, where we can follow the PCT-TYT route South to Tuolumne Meadows, or Falls Creek down to Hetch Hetchy (big map).

Local Turnaround Point?
Or, we can turn North on the PCT in the top of Jack Main Canyon through Dorothy Lake Pass, where our Northbound routes described above and depicted below can all come into play...

Emigrant Pass, Big Sam, Bond Pass or Kennedy Meadows from this trail junction.
Emigrant Pass


Trail post marking trail to Bond Pass from Emigrant Meadow.
Bond Pass

Trail to Brown Bear Pass and Kennedy Meadows from Bond-Emigrant Pass trail junction.
Brown Bear Pass


Not Pictured

1> The unmarked trail leading Southwest down into the top of Horse Canyon located about a hundred Yards North on TYT from this Grizzly Peak trail junction.

2> The actual trail junction forking off to the NE through Emigrant Pass into the headwaters of West West Walker, and down past Cinko Lake to the PCT at the West West Walker River's Bridge.
The trail fork continuing North is the Tungsten Road over Big Sam to the PCT atop Kennedy Canyon,

 

The Tungsten Road
Southbound hikers on the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail merge with a segment of the Tungsten Road 13.83 miles South of Kennedy Meadows Pack Station in Grizzly Meadow under the Western morning shadow of Grizzly Peak.
Our Tahoe to Yosemite Trail shares this segment of our route South into the center of Summit Meadow with the Tungsten Road. The Tungsten Road is a WWII era wartime dirt road tracking South off Highway 108 3.2 miles down the East Flank of the Sierra Crest from Sonora Pass.

Complete Tungsten Road Trail Map
Backpacking Emigrant Wilderness

The last time I was in a four-wheeler climbing up the road into the Leavitt Lakes basin (Maybe late 1990s, Tyler and Chris?) the road was pretty screwed-up down low. Huge berms and ridges were cut through the roadbed (reports-comments-questions?). It took some good driving in the four-wheeler, but I've gotten my old Izuzu 2-wheeler up there and back many times.

Regardless, Joan has not been happy with the condition of the Tungsten Road (see TR page) in 2016 and recent years. It will not improve much, Judging by the massive thaw we are going to see at the end of the 2016-17 Winter.

The last time I was descending from the Sierra Crestline on foot through Leavitt Lake's high basin was mid-Winter 2009, and thereabouts. I've used Leavitt Lake and Creek as my Winter descent route off the Leavitt Massif for 15 years or so. It was/is always a blast finding the road coming down from the top through deep snow, then following it down to the snowgate above the Marine Base.

My Winter route typically follows Highway 108 up to Sonora Pass, then the Winter route to the Crest, on to Leavitt Peak, and out via Leavitt Lake's nifty basin nestled under the encircling Sierra Crestline. That's how I like my Leavitt Lake served up: Ice Cold and Frozen Solid.

Anyway, beyond the end of the open access portion of the Tungsten Road out to Leavitt Lake the Tungsten Road continues its short and steep climb from Leavitt Lake to the Sierra Crestline as an Emigrant Wilderness trail. The Tungsten Road intersects with the Pacific Crest Trail on the Southeastern-most end of the Leavitt Peak Massif.
From there it tracks 1.43 miles South to the Kennedy Canyon trail junction, where it takes a line South that neither the Pacific Crest nor Tahoe to Yosemite Trails follow.
The PCT turns East, to the Southbound hiker's Left, down Kennedy Canyon. The Tungsten Road continues South following the line of the Sierra Crestline over Big Sam to this Grizzly Peak trail junction pictured above, where it intersects with the TYT. Both of those other trails, the Pacific Crest and Tahoe to Yosemite, each deflects off the line of the Sierra Crest in its own unique way around and across the top of Emigrant Wilderness. Thankfully.

Thankfully, because this configuration creates a lot of routes.

I expect this from the TYT, which makes regular sweeps down off the Sierra Crest and back up the Western Sierra Flank to the Crest, as its route does across Emigrant Wilderness. But the Pacific Crest Trail diverts off the Sierra Crest from the top of Kennedy Canyon to Dorothy Lake Pass. There's almost never a higher "through" trail than the PCT up and down the Sierra Crest. Except here. Here the Tungsten Road is the high trail along the Sierra Crest, not the Pacific Crest Trail.

I also say "thankfully," because this omission of the majority of the Emigrant Basin from the traffic of the Pacific Crest Trail has preserved it as an oasis of solitude and expansive scrambling off the beaten trail.

South into Yosemite
From here at the trail junctions under Grizzly Peak we will follow TYT route along with this old Tungsten Road South to the middle of Summit Meadow, where the TYT and the TR part company.

A branch of the Tungsten Road turns down into the top of Horse Meadow's canyon from the North edge of Summit Meadow. This branch of the Tungsten Road serviced the old Cherry Creek Mine below the bottom of Horse Meadow. The other branch of the Tungsten Road turns Southwest off the TYT from the junction in the middle of Summit Meadow. This branch serviced the Montezuma Mine at Snow Lake. The Southbound TYT branches Left through both of these TR Y-junctions. Hiking South through Summit Meadow gives us good views of the upcoming brief, moderate-difficult climb to Bond Pass.

Trail Scale: Difficulty Ratings

We'll hike past the Horse Meadow and Snow Lake junctions on our way to Bond Pass on the TYT.

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

High Emigrant Wilderness Schematic Trail Map
  Emigrant Wilderness Backpacking Schematic Map.
 

The map above is by no means comprehensive or to scale. It's purpose is to impart an idea of the web of Emigrant Wilderness Backpacking Trails laid along and across its portion of the Sierra Crest. Our goal is to provide clarity about the wide variety of classic and alternative hiking routes across Emigrant Wilderness for long distance backpackers. Don't feel left out! This map can be your key for putting together very interesting local backpacking loops around the Emigrant Basin and its surrounding terrain for hikers wishing to remain within Emigrant Wilderness.

What remains unmapped are all the amazing exploration/scrambling opportunities. Those you must find by searching along these routes, then fill in the details yourself.

15 Minute MAP
Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass
30 Minute Map
Sonora-Brown Bear Passes to Bensen Lake

30 Minute MAP
TYT-PCT across Highway 108

top of page

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

Index

Where the Hell are We?

The TOPO MAP always helps...

Trail Junction below the West Flank of Grizzly Peak

This trail junction, really a line of three closely-spaced junctions under the shadow of Grizzly Peak collectively compose the hub of a circle of trails radiating out from the base of Grizzly Peak in the center of High Emigrant Basin of the Emigrant Wilderness, for your hiking and scrambling pleasure.

We're going to hike the TYT South into the North Yosemite Backcountry on our way to Tuolumne Meadows. That's not our only option.

From this hub of trails we have the Tungsten Road leading North to the PCT at the Kennedy Canyon junction on our way to the Sonora Pass trailhead. We can also access the PCT along the East Flank of the Sierra from here, and the Leavitt Meadow Trailhead via the PCT at the West West Walker Bridge by hiking through Emigrant Pass to our Northeast. To our Northwest our TYT route to Kennedy Meadows marks where the TYT hits road access to Highway 108.

To the Southwest the unmarked trail leads into the top of Horse Meadow Canyon. From the bottom of Horse Meadow we find interesting trails leading North back to the TYT in Lunch Meadow and South back to the TYT in Summit Meadow via a nifty unmaintained trail.

All of these Northern destinations lead us to trailheads located at various points along the Highway 108 corridor. Sonora Pass is on the Sierra Crestline while Kennedy Meadows and Leavitt Meadows are located on the West and East flanks, respectively.

Our long-distance backpacking options to the North from our position here under Grizzly Peak are the many route options pointing us North towards these Highway 108 Trailheads. To the South we follow the Sierra Crest to Tuolumne Meadows, or maybe down into the Grand Canyon of the Tuolumne River.

This Grizzly Peak trail junction can be part of a unique long distance backpacking route across Emigrant Wilderness, or part of a custom backpacking loop around the Emigrant Basin.

Me, I'm heading South to Tuolumne Meadows in Yosemite via Bond Pass.

Our View North
Big Sam

The Tungsten Road route over Big Sam to our North.

View North of Tungsten Road switchbacking out of the North end of the Emigrant Basin over the Southwestern Flank of Big Sam.

 


Hiking South on the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail to Bond Pass
The Tungsten Road South from Grizzly Peak and Meadow

Hiking South we encounter this classic and attractive slab of granite.

The Tungsten Road approaches a favorite slab. I like this slab.

Another Line Across Emigrant
Snow Lake sits below the ridge in the distance, to the Left of the high point of the pretty pink slab we see in the middle distance. This view of the terrain opens up more trail options for our consideration.

We know that Snow Lake lays at the base of the ridgline dividing Emigrant from Yosemite in the distance. The saddle we can see descending to the Right of the pink slab and to the Left of the horn of rock in the middle-distance is where the unmaintained route from Snow Lake crosses over to Bigelow Lake. From Bigelow Lake we descend to Twin Lakes and down to the East Fork of Cherry Creek coming out the bottom of Horse Meadow.

Hiking that line of trail North brings us down to the bottom of Horse Meadow's Canyon, where we can hike North to Emigrant Lake via Maxwell and Blackbird Lakes.
Our upcoming local hiking options to and beyond Snow Lake to Bigelow Lake and Horse Meadow would take us off the long trail to Tuolumne Meadows, as if we were hiking a big loop around the high elevation elements of Emigrant Wilderness. That is a heck of a lot of fun, but we can also weave that segment of trail into our longer hikes.

15 Minute MAP
Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass
30 Minute MAP
TYT-PCT across Highway 108

Third Time's a Charm
Have you hiked the Tahoe to Yosemite and Pacific Crest Trail routes across the Emigrant Wilderness? Have you tied them together with the Tungsten Road to hike the "crestline" route across Emigrant, along with the PCT and TYT routes?

Well, we have yet another, a fourth long distance backpacking route across Emigrant Wilderness to go along with these three.

The Fourth Route
The bottom, South edges of both the maps above show how we can hike a North-South line of trail from Lunch Meadow on the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail through Mosquito Pass to Bond Pass via Bigelow and Snow Lakes below the line of the TYT.

This line of trail links Lunch Meadow along the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail to Emigrant Lake via Mosquito Pass. We continue South past Blackbird to Maxwell Lake, where we have the choice between two hiking options, both leading us up to the TYT in Summit Meadow.

The first option is up Horse Meadow to the TYT junction on the North edge of Summit Meadow. Our second option is continuing a bit further South to turn North following the maintained route up to Twin Lakes and the unmaintained route above Bigelow Lakes through The Saddle under The Horn to the TYT junction in the middle of Summit Meadow via Snow Lake. Either way we reconnect with the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail in Summit Meadow.

We can see all this beyond the pretty pink slab. Part of it in the terrain, the other in our mind's eye.

top of page


View Southeast

The slab looks better the closer we get.

The boundary between Yosemite and Emigrant Wilderness follows the top of the ridge in the distance.

Snow Lake sits at the base of this ridge.

15 Minute MAP
Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass
30 Minute Map
Sonora-Brown Bear Passes to Bensen Lake

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page
Index

View Southwest off the Slab

Rock and ridge off end of the slab.

Rock near and far.

Tip of the horn of rock above the unmaintained trail linking Snow to Bigelow Lakes, laying beyond our nifty pink slab.

As we hike South we note the amazing view down the descending canyon to our West opens up.

top of page

Maxwell Lake to the West between the folds of the Surrounding Mountains

Maxwell Lake far below the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail.

Far below to the Southwest I spy Maxwell Lake buried in forest above the bottom end of Horse Meadow, and its massive canyon. Maxwell Lake sits in a ledge carved into the ridge dividing the North and East forks of Cherry Creek.

That's one of the beauties of the vast granite ridges running West off the Sierra Crest across Emigrant and the North Yosemite Backcountry: These ridges are soooo vast that they have vast canyons and gorges cut into their flanks and crowns, as well as the major rivers flowing through the major canyons between them. Never underestimate the magnitude and complexity of these "subordinate" flank and crown canyons. They can be as worlds unto themselves.

We can hike down to Maxwell Lake through the upcoming Horse Meadow trail junction on the North edge of Summit Meadow. That option runs us down Horse Meadow's canyon from top to bottom. Or we can take the long way, hiking to Maxwell Lake via Snow Lake over the unmaintained trail through the Saddle and down to East Cherry Creek. From East Cherry Creek we make the short hike North across the very bottom of Horse Meadow's canyon for the climb up to Maxwell Lake.

15 Minute MAP
Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass
30 Minute Map
Sonora-Brown Bear Passes to Bensen Lake

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page
Index

Southeast view of Valley holding Horse Meadow and Maxwell Lake

Hiking South from Grizzly Peak
View down valley holding Hores Meadow and Maxwell Lake.

Three Peaks
Sachse Monument on the Far Left. Peak 9734 in Center. Peak 9631 on Right.

Horse Meadow is to our Southbound Right, the Southwest, wedged in off the lip of its upper canyon, which we see in the near middle-distance of this image above. The terrain descending into Horse Meadow's canyon is especially noticeable where we can see the forest is descending into the top of the canyon.
We are actually looking off to our Southwest out over the top-lip of Horse Meadow's canyon to our Southbound Right. We are hiking out the Left edge of this image. Horse Meadow is running down to the Southwest at the base of these mountains, though we can't see it clearly from here.

The unmarked trail into the top of the canyon from Grizzly Meadow started behind us, to the North, from just West of the Grizzly Peak trail junction. Its route descends into the top of the canyon through the cut we can in the middle-Right of the image above. That route descends steeply down to where it intersects with the more substantial route of the Tungsten Road entering the top of Horse Meadow's Canyon from the North edge of Summit Meadow. That branch of the Tungsten Road is wrapping around the head of Horse Meadow's Canyon below us, coming down from the next trail junction to our North, located on the North edge of Summit Meadow.

This upcoming junction on the North edge of Summit Meadow is where the Tungsten Road splits off into two branches. One is the main route running down into the top of the Horse Meadow's Canyon, while the other branch of the Tungsten Road crosses Summit Meadow on its way to its end at the Montezuma Mine on the Northeast shore of Snow Lake.

15 Minute MAP
Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass

I don't suggest extensive cross-country travel around here until you've mentally "mapped out," and have begun to establish an understanding of the context of the terrain. This is only properly achieved through close observation of all the perspectives we can get of the canyons and the ridges dividing them by hiking the standard trail routes. We should maximize our understanding of the trail routes by probing key points through "scrambling studies," which we will supplement with extensive map study both on and off the trail.

Once we begin to get a grasp of the logic holding this terrain together, and a grip on the physical requirements for effectively engaging and studying it, we will eventually realize what really holds it all together. This perceived abstract knowledge combined with observations of both the visible and invisible real-time pulses of Life that coordinate here over eons and seasons here will blow away the limits to our physical access to, and our philosophical understanding of, this amazingly complex terrain.
First, the physical basics.

The Physical Basics
Backpacking is Dangerous Fundamentals of Navigation

Mountain Safety Forum Trail Skills

Backpacker Alerts Backpacker News

Physical Demands of the Long Trail

Performance Standards

The Trail

 

Second, the Philosophical Basis

Environmental Status Our Role?

Religion and the Spirit in the Mountains Trail Culture

Human Effect on this Changing World

This place will open you up, and open up to you, when approached properly.

top of page

Terrain along North Flank
of the
Horse Meadow Valley

Peak 9734 above Horse Meadow.

Peak 9631 above Horse Meadow.

We're looking Southwest as we hike South, to our Right as in the image above, taking a closer look at the vast ridge running to the Southwest above Horse Meadow's Valley. This is the line of ridge dividing Horse Meadow's Canyon from Emigrant Lake's Canyon at the base of its Northern Flank. We are hiking South approaching the beginning of the rocky descent, the chute, that the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail & Tungsten Road drop down into the North end of Summit Meadow.

 

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

Detail

Peak 9734 detail.

A yet closer look at this piece of spectacular terrain.

A vast sheet of granite cut and polished by a vast sheet of glacial ice, then weathered for ten thousand years..

top of page
Index


Valley Southwest of Tahoe to Yosemite Trail from North of Summit Meadow

Maxwell Lake far below TYT along the High Sierra Crest.

What's Down There
We can see Maxwell Lake nestled in a forest-filled ledge cut into the vast granite ridge separating the awesome granite canyons of North Cherry Creek (holding Middle Emigrant, Blackbird, and Emigrant Lakes) from East Cherry Creek Canyon (Horse Meadow with Maxwell Lake offset by Sachse Monument, then we twist South to climb to Twin Lakes, where we turn North to Black Bear following unmaintained trail past Bigelow Lake on our way through the Gap in the Saddle under The Horn (above) to Snow Lake and Summit Meadow.

We would then reacquire the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail in Summit Meadow...

Gunsight Orientation
The tips of two of the trees sticking-up just to the Right of the center of the image above bracket the smudge of blue marking the position of Maxwell Lake like a gun site on-target. The ramp of granite rising to the Left, to the Southwest of Maxwell Lake in the image above, turns up to form the massive Sachse Monument.

The great rock rising in the middle Left of the image is the Sachee Monument . Maxwell Lake sits at the base of its Northwestern flank, its Right side from our perspective here. Huckleberry Lake lays down the canyon along the East Fork of Cherry Creek running through the bottom of the steep and deep granite canyon below the Southeast flank of the Sachse Monument, its Left flank from the perspective above.

That's what we're looking at down there, from here just above the lip of the canyon running down into Horse Meadow. We are almost at the very top of the watershed of the East Cherry Creek on the route of the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail. And, there is a lot of fine terrain down there.

15 Minute MAP
Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass
30 Minute Map
Sonora-Brown Bear Passes to Bensen Lake

Long View of Valley Southwest of Tahoe to Yosemite Trail between Grizzly and Summit Meadows

Horse Meadow Valley, a long view.

The same view to the Southwest from the Sierra Crest crossing Emigrant Wilderness later in the Fall, with golds overwhelming the greens across the high meadow. This shot was likely taken in the 1990s.

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page


Snow Lake to the Southeast

Snow Lake along the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail near Bond Pass.

Snow Lake below the Saddle to Bigelow Lake
Snow Lake lays just West of Summit Meadow along the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail before we begin our short climb up to Bond Pass.

Note the low gap above the Right shore of Snow Lake. An unmaintained trail route passes through that gap over to Bigelow and Black Bear Lakes. The horn of rock rises on the Right side of the low gap, out of sight in the image above.

After the Southbound Tahoe to Yosemite Trail passes the pretty pink slab we hike down what is the remnant of the Tungsten Road roadbed dug through very rocky terrain. The old roadbed is strewn with granite boulders that we pick our path through as we drop down to cross the East fork of Cherry Creek high up near its source.
We crossed the North fork of Cherry Creek on the North side of Emigrant Meadow Lake just North of the Emigrant Lake trail junction.

Sidenote: I call the climb up the flank to the Saddle, "Hummingbird Hill," because of the thousands of hummingbirds up there during late Spring and Early Summer. We can see the subtle splashes of green and yellow-brown signifying the dense thickets of brush running up the flank to just below the saddle.

That configuration apparently creates a heavenly environment for hummingbirds, who turn that whole flank into a virtual hummingbird city. They will be cool and chill if you approach and hike through with friendly respect. If you make nice sounds and clicks (above) that convince them to calm down enough to prevent them from backing off, they will all come and check you out as you move through the dense brush chirping like a hummingbird, which is a real trip.

15 Minute MAP
Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass
30 Minute Map
Sonora-Brown Bear Passes to Bensen Lake

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page
Index

Butterfly in the forest fringing the South side of Summit Meadow

Butterfly on edge of Summit Meadow near Snow Lake.

Butterfly on edge of Summit Meadow near Snow Lake.

Living Things Forum> Butterflies> This Butterfly.

I believe that this is a Field Crescent

comments

Summit Meadow Butterfly

Butterfly on edge of Summit Meadow near Bond Pass, Emigrant Wilderness.

Butterfly in the interface between forest and meadow on the North side of Summit Meadow.

Doc Shapiro's Butterfly Site

MAP

top of page

Trail Junction to Horse Meadow
on the
North Side of Summit Meadow

Horse Meadow Bond Pass trail junction on South side of Summit Meadow.   North to Emigrant Meadow and Brown Bear Pass on the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail.
West to Horse Meadow and South to Bond Pass from this trail junction on North side of Summit Meadow.   North to Emigrant Meadow and Brown Bear Pass back the way we come on the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail.

30 Minute MAP
TYT-PCT across Highway 108

15 Minute MAP
Brown Bear Pass
to
Bond Pass
30 Minute Map
Sonora-Brown Bear Passes
to
Bensen Lake

View hiking into the South end of Horse Meadow, looking up towards our position.

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page
Index

South into Summit Meadow

Looking South across Summit Meadow in Emigrant Wilderness.

View South of Tungsten Road across Summit Meadow.

 


TYT-Tungsten Road Junction

in
Summit Meadow
Junction of Tahoe to Yosemite Trail and Tungsten Road in Summit Meadow, Emigrant Wilderness.

View South of Tungsten Road tracking straight to Snow Lake where the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail branches of to our Southbound Left, Southeast for the climb over Bond Pass into Yosemite.

 


Summit Meadow in Emigrant Wilderness on the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail.

Summit Meadow in Emigrant Wilderness.

15 Minute MAP
Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass
30 Minute Map
Sonora-Brown Bear Passes to Bensen Lake

top of page


Summit Meadow

Summit Meadow and surrounding terrain.
Summit Meadow and surrounding terrain.

Summit Meadow Purple Flower

Source of purple dappling across Summit Meadow.

Source of purple dappling across Summit Meadow.

top of page
Index


Summit Meadow Snow Measurement

Summit Meadow snow sensor.

Summit Meadow snow sensor.

top of page


Summit Meadow Moth

Moth and Buckwheat

Butterfly, burnt orange, Emigrant Wilderness, High Sierra.

Butterfly, burnt orange, Emigrant Wilderness, High Sierra.

Can you identify this butterfly?

Summit Meadow Moth

Emigrant Wildernes orange butterfly.

Another one, but this one is on the ground.

Comments?

High Sierra Butterfly Forum

top of page
Index


Vibrant Summit Meadow Pussypaw

Pussypaw growing in Summit Meadow Emigrant Wilderness.
Pussypaws.

Vibrant Summit Meadow Pussy paw, Detail

Pussypaw on the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail.

Sweet, delicate look of one tough high altitude flower.

Comments?

High Sierra Flower Forum.

Pussypaws Seeding

Add Your Own: comments-questions-information

15 Minute MAP
Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass
30 Minute Map
Sonora-Brown Bear Passes to Bensen Lake

 

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page

Summit Meadow Trail Junction to Snow Lake

Trail junction to Snow and Bigelow Lakes from Summit Meadow on the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail.   Summit Meadow trail junction to Bond Pass.
Trail junction Southwest to Snow and Bigelow Lakes, North to Leavitt Lake via Big Sam.  

Summit Meadow trail junction South on TYT to Bond Pass.

top of page

15 Minute MAP
Brown Bear Pass to Bond Pass
30 Minute Map
Sonora-Brown Bear Passes to Bensen Lake

30 Minute MAP
TYT-PCT across Highway 108

Snow Lake

 

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

Tungsten Road Turns

Though Summit Meadow long ago ate up any traces of the Tungsten Road, this junction is where the Tungsten Road turns towards the site of the Montezuma Mine on the Northeast side of Snow Lake.

Bond Pass

Bond Pass South of Summit Meadow.
Bond Pass South of Summit Meadow.

Trail up North Side of Bond Pass

Tahoe to Yosemite Trail South up to Bond Pass.

Tahoe to Yosemite Trail climbing South up to Bond Pass.

MAP

 

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page
Index

Unique Rocks on the North side of the Ridge

Super cool rock.
Super cool rock.

Interesting rock hikiing up to Bond pass in the Emigrant Wilderness.
Interesting rock hiking up to Bond pass in the Emigrant Wilderness.

Detail of unique erosion feature.

Detail of unique erosion feature.

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page
Index


Summit Meadow in Morning Mists

Summit Meadow view from North side of Bond Pass.

South edge of Summit Meadow viewed while climbing South to Bond Pass.

Snow Lake's Position
Looking across South edge of Summit Meadow at Saddle and Horn over to Bigelow Lake.

Looking across South edge of Summit Meadow at Saddle and Horn over to Bigelow Lake. Snow Lake is hidden in a low depression beyond the rim of rising forest, and below the distant saddle.

We are looking at the "Saddle and Horn" marking the position of the unmaintained trail from Snow Lake to Bigelow Lake.

Spanish Paintbrush up to Bond Pass

Flowers lining the trail South up to Bond Pass.

Flowers lining the trail South up to Bond Pass.

top of page


Bond Pass

Bond Pass.

Bond Pass.

MAP

30 Minute MAP
TYT-PCT across Highway 108

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page
Index


Yosemite National Park Boundary Sign

Bond Pass Yosemite National Park trail sign.
Bond Pass Yosemite National Park trail sign.

Stanislaus National Forest Bond Pass Marker

Bond Pass elevation post by Stanislaus National Forest.

Bond Pass elevation post by Stanislaus National Forest.

top of page
Index

Hey. Me at Bond Pass

Bond Pass between Yosemite National Park and Emigrant Wilderness.

Bond Pass between Yosemite National Park and Emigrant Wilderness.

MAP


Yosemite Sign at Bond Pass

Bond Pass Trail Sign.

Our first encounter with the heavy metal signs carved by cutting torches that define Yosemite trail signage. These signs became the established standard for Yosemite in the early 1950s as a solution for bears removing conventional trail signage.

See "trails and roads" in Yosemite: the Park and its Resources (1987) by Linda W. Greene, specifically page 771 about the steel cut trail signs installation.

Also see "Cranky Bears" in the Forum.

 

Miles Discussion at the top of Jack Main Canyon.

Miles Forum

 

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page
Index


Yosemite Sign at Bond Pass Detail

Close inspection of Yosemite National Park rules.

Note the elevation restriction for fires marked at 9000 feet in Emigrant Wilderness has shifted to 9600 feet in Yosemite National Park.

see the Stanislaus Wilderness Rules

MAP

top of page

Welcome to Yosemite, Says the Buck

Deer on the South side of Bond Pass.
Buck on the South side of Bond Pass.

Say the Bucks

Two Deer on the South side of Bond Pass.
Two.

Looking Across Jack Main Canyon

Mountain East of Lake Helen.

Forsyth Peak wraps around and provides an amazing backdrop for the lakes on both the East and West flanks of the Sierra.

That's Jack Main Canyon down there, with the PCT route running through it.

MAP

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page
Index

Looking South Down Jack Main Canyon at Yosemite National Park

Looking down Jack Main Canyon from South of Bond Pass at Gracie Meadow and Chittenden Peak.

A glimpse down Jack Main Canyon at Gracie Meadow and Chittenden Peak guarding the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail option past Tilden Lake.

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum


Back under Forest Cover down to the Pacific Crest Trail

Forest on South side of Bond Pass. Big California White Pine.

Forest on South side of Bond Pass. Big California White Pine with a Juniper tucked in alongside.

top of page
Index


Whitebark Pine

Whitebark pine budding.
Whitebark Pine budding.

California White Pine

California White Pine bark.
California White Pine bark.

Trail Cutoff South into Jack Main Canyon

Trail junction TYT Southbound to Jack Main Canyon.

Trail junction TYT Southbound to Jack Main Canyon. The main trail brings further up the canyon closer to Dorothy Lake, while the shortcut bring us further down Jack Main Canyon.

This is the Western end of the trails triangle connecting the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail to the Pacific Crest Trail at the top of Jack Main Canyon.

MAP

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page
Index

Down the Southbound Tahoe to Yosemite Trail Shortcut into Jack Main Canyon

Trail Y South to Jack Main Canyon from below Bond Pass.

Trail to Southbound TYT junction with PCT in Jack Main Canyon.

Continuing straight through this junction, rather than turning down on the trail shown above, brings us to the North Bond Pass junction in Jack Main Canyon. The North Bond Pass junction is just a bit further up Jack Main Canyon from the South junction pictured below, which is at the end of the trail depicted above.

MAP

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page


Jack Main Canyon

Jack Main Canyon Trail Junction between TYT and PCT

Tahoe to Yosemite Trail through Bond Pass to junction with the PCT in Jack Main Canyon.
Tahoe to Yosemite Trail through Bond Pass to junction with the PCT in Jack Main Canyon.

North Pacific Crest Trail to Dorothy Lake

PCT North to Dorothy Lake Pass.
PCT North to Dorothy Lake Pass.

South down Jack Main Canyon on the combined TYT-PCT

South on the TYT to Tilden and Wilmer Lakes down Jack Main Canyon.

South on the TYT to Tilden and Wilmer Lakes down Jack Main Canyon.

Hiker Feedback Trails Forum

top of page

All Right

Now we're in the Northwestern-most corner
of
Yosemite National Park;

Well, just below it...

North TYT: Relief Reservoir to Brown Bear Pass 

North PCT: Kennedy Canyon to Bond Pass  

South PCT-TYT: Tilden and Wilmer Lake Junctions

Emigrant Wilderness
into the
North Yosemite Backcountry

Tahoe to Yosemite Trail

 

MAPS

7.5 Map
Brown Bear Pass
to
Jack Main Canyon
30 min Map
Highway 108
to

Bensen Lake

TYT Miles and Elevations

Here we pick up the route of the PCT:

PCT Miles and Elevations to Tuolumne Meadows

South on the PCT and TYT:
Jack Main Canyon to Tilden Lake TYT and Wilmer Lake PCT Junctions

Scroll up page to view TYT North from Bond Pass to Brown Bear Pass

Backpacking Trail Guide

TYT North

Relief Reservoir
to
Brown Bear Pass

Compass and map point the way on the trail guide.

Backpacking Trail Guide

TYT South

Jack Main Canyon
to
Tilden Lake Junction

Backpacker Forums

Have a great Sierra Nevada trip or story to relate? A fine piece of gear? Or gear that failed?
Post it on
TahoetoWhitney.Org
Become a Member
If you have experiences, comments, questions, or pictures and videos of the Tahoe to Yosemite Trail between Kennedy Meadows to Tuolumne Meadows, Post up here:
Forum Section
Kennedy Meadows to Tuolumne Meadows
Forum Segment
High Emigrant Basin

Trail Guide Pages

North TYT
 Relief Reservoir to Brown Bear Pass

North PCT
Kennedy Canyon to Bond Pass 

South TYT-PCT
TYT to Tilden and PCT to Wilmer Lakes

Trailhead
Contact
Alex Wierbinski

top of page

Granite Chief, West side afternoon.

Backpacking Lake Tahoe to Mount Whitney

Your Guide to the High Sierra Crest, including the Tahoe to Yosemite, Pacific Crest, and John Muir Trails

Granite Chief bathed in Sunset's glow, in Emigrant Wilderness.
© Lake Tahoe to Mount Whitney: Crown Jewel of the Pacific Crest Trail